From Middle English ablative, ablatife, ablatyf, ablatif, from Old French ablatif (“the ablative case”), from Latin ablātīvus (“expressing removal”), from ablātus (“taken away”), from auferō (“I take away”). The engineering/nautical sense originates from ablate + -ive.
- (grammar): (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.lə.tɪv/
- (engineering, nautical): IPA(key): /əˈbleɪ.tɪv/
Audio (US) (file)
ablative (not comparable)
- (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (archaic) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.]
- (engineering, nautical, astronautics) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying material, as in ablative paints used for antifouling, or ablative heat shields used to protect spacecraft during reentry. [First attested in 1959.].
- 2008, BioWare, Mass Effect, Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →ISBN, OCLC 246633669, PC, scene: Weapons: Ablative Armor Codex entry:
- The inner layer of warship protection consists of ablative armor plate designed to "boil away" when heated. The vaporized armor material scatters a DEW beam, rendering it ineffectual.
- (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
ablative (plural ablatives)
- (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.]
- ^ William Morris, editor (1969 (1971 printing)), “ablative”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, N.Y.: American Heritage Publishing Co., OCLC 299754516, page 3.
- Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “ablative”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 5.
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , →ISBN), page 3
ablative f pl
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ab.laːˈtiː.u̯e/, [äbɫ̪äːˈt̪iːu̯ɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ab.laˈti.ve/, [äbläˈt̪iːve]