- 1 English
- 2 Czech
- 3 Danish
- 4 French
- 5 Middle English
From Middle English absence, from Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (“absent”), present active participle of absum (“I am away or absent”), from ab (“from, away from”) + sum (“I am”).
- (General American)
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- A state of being away or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; the period of being away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
- Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendance; deficiency. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Lack; deficiency; nonexistence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- He had an absence of enthusiasm.
- Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind). [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- absence of mind
- (medicine) Temporary loss or disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (fencing) Lack of contact between blades.
- (state of being away): presence
- (lack, deficiency, nonexistence): existence, possession, sufficiency
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 , →ISBN), page 8
- See esence
- absence in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- absence in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
absence f (plural absences)
- “absence” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
absence (plural absences)
- Stratmann, Francis Henry; Henry Bradley (First published 1891) A Dictionary of Middle English, London: Oxford University Press, published 1954, page 3