abster

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abstinēre, present active infinitive of abstineō ‎(I abstain)

Verb[edit]

abster ‎(first-person singular present absteño, first-person singular preterite abstiven, past participle abstido)

  1. (reflexive) to abstain
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of abster
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of abster

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abstinēre ‎(I abstain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abster ‎(first-person singular present indicative abstenho, past participle abstido)

  1. (ditransitive, with the indirect object taking de and a verb in the infinitive) to keep from; to prevent from (to stop someone from doing something)
    As dores o abstiveram de viajar.
    The pains kept him from travelling.
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun, auxiliary with de and a verb in the infinitive) to abstain from; to refrain from (to deliberately not do something)
    Essa dieta exige que você se abstenha de comer chocolate.
    This diet requires you to abstain from eating chocolate.
  3. (takes a reflexive pronoun, transitive with de) to abstain from (not to do, have or make use of something pleasurable)
    Essa dieta exige que você se abstenha de chocolate.
    This diet requires you to abstain from chocolate.
  4. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to keep one’s composure
    Não importa quantos insultos ouvir, abstenha-se.
    No matter how many insults you hear, keep calm.
  5. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to abstain (to deliberately refrain from voting)
    Nenhuma das opções é boa, então eu me abstenho.
    None of the options is good, so I abstain.

Conjugation[edit]