acer

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See also: Acer and acèr

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer (plural acers)

  1. Obsolete spelling of acre

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Late Latin aciārium, from Latin aciēs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed). Compare French acier, Galician aceiro, Italian acciaio, Occitan acièr, Portuguese aço, Spanish acero.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer m (uncountable)

  1. steel

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *akris, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱrós (sharp). The change from o-stem to i-stem declension is irregular and not fully explained. Likewise, Latin has irregular lengthening of the vowel. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄκρος (ákros).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ācer (feminine ācris, neuter ācre, comparative ācrior, superlative ācerrimus, adverb ācriter); third-declension three-termination adjective

  1. sharp, sour, bitter
  2. keen, sagacious
  3. violent, cruel
Declension[edit]

Third-declension three-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ācer ācris ācre ācrēs ācria
Genitive ācris ācrium
Dative ācrī ācribus
Accusative ācrem ācre ācrēs ācria
Ablative ācrī ācribus
Vocative ācer ācris ācre ācrēs ācria
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Same as Etymology 1, with reference to multi-pointed leaves.
Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag "ak̂er-"

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer n (genitive aceris); third declension

  1. maple tree
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative acer acera
Genitive aceris acerum
Dative acerī aceribus
Accusative acer acera
Ablative acere aceribus
Vocative acer acera
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See acier.

Noun[edit]

acer m (nominative singular acers)

  1. Alternative form of acier

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English aker.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer f (plural aceri)

  1. acre
    Synonyms: cyfair, erw

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
acer unchanged unchanged hacer
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “acer”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies