acer

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See also: Acer and acèr

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the genus name.

Noun[edit]

acer (plural acers)

  1. A plant of the genus Acer; a maple.
    • 1842, The Gardener's Magazine (page 611)
      In the plantations to which we allude, there were also some American acers and the Norway maple, exhibiting dark reds and rich yellows.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer (plural acers)

  1. Obsolete spelling of acre

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin aciārium, from Latin aciēs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed). Compare French acier, Galician aceiro, Italian acciaio, Occitan acièr, Portuguese aço, Spanish acero.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer m (uncountable)

  1. steel

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *akris, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱrós (sharp). The change from o-stem to i-stem declension is irregular and not fully explained. Likewise, Latin has irregular lengthening of the vowel. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄκρος (ákros).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ācer (feminine ācris, neuter ācre, comparative ācrior, superlative ācerrimus, adverb ācriter); third-declension three-termination adjective

  1. sharp, sour, bitter, pungent
    Synonyms: asper, frāctus
  2. keen, sharp, acute, sagacious
  3. energetic, active, vigorous
    Synonyms: strēnuus, impiger, vīvus, alacer, fortis
    Antonym: sēgnis
  4. eager, zealous, spirited
  5. subtle
  6. severe, violent, cruel, hot
    Synonyms: trux, ferōx, immānis, efferus, crūdēlis
    Antonyms: mītis, tranquillus, placidus, quiētus, clēmēns
  7. penetrating, piercing
Declension[edit]

Third-declension three-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ācer ācris ācre ācrēs ācria
Genitive ācris ācrium
Dative ācrī ācribus
Accusative ācrem ācre ācrēs ācria
Ablative ācrī ācribus
Vocative ācer ācris ācre ācrēs ācria
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Vulgar Latin: ācrus (see there for further descendants)
  • Ancient borrowings:
  • Later borrowings:

Etymology 2[edit]

Same as Etymology 1, with reference to multi-pointed leaves.
Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag "ak̂er-"

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer n (genitive aceris); third declension

  1. maple tree
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative acer acera
Genitive aceris acerum
Dative acerī aceribus
Accusative acer acera
Ablative acere aceribus
Vocative acer acera
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See acier.

Noun[edit]

acer m (nominative singular acers)

  1. Alternative form of acier

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English aker.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acer f (plural aceri)

  1. acre
    Synonyms: cyfair, erw

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
acer unchanged unchanged hacer
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “acer”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies