ache

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See also: Ache

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English aken (verb), and ache (noun), from Old English acan (verb) (from Proto-Germanic *akaną (to be bad, be evil)) and æċe (noun) (from Proto-Germanic *akiz), both from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eg- (sin, crime). Cognate with Low German aken, achen, äken (to hurt, to ache), North Frisian akelig, æklig (terrible, miserable, sharp, intense), West Frisian aaklik (nasty, horrible, dismal, dreary), Dutch akelig (nasty, horrible).

The verb was originally strong, conjugating for tense like take (e.g. I ake, I oke, I have aken), but gradually became weak during Middle English; the noun was originally pronounced as /eɪt͡ʃ/ as spelled (compare breach, from break). Historically the verb was spelled ake, and the noun ache (even after the form /eɪk/ started to become common for the noun; compare again break which is now also a noun). The verb came to be spelled like the noun when lexicographer Samuel Johnson mistakenly assumed that it derived from Ancient Greek ἄχος (ákhos, pain) due to the similarity in form and meaning of the two words.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: āk, IPA(key): /eɪk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Verb[edit]

ache (third-person singular simple present aches, present participle aching, simple past ached or (obsolete) oke, past participle ached or (obsolete) aken)

  1. (intransitive) To suffer pain; to be the source of, or be in, pain, especially continued dull pain; to be distressed.
    • c. 1593, Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Act II, Scene V:
      Fie, how my bones ache!
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
  2. (transitive, literary, rare) To cause someone or something to suffer pain.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ache (plural aches)

  1. Continued dull pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain.
    • c. 1610, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I, Scene II:
      Fill all thy bones with aches.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ache, from Old French ache, from Latin apium (celery). Reinforced by modern French ache.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ache (plural aches)

  1. (obsolete) parsley
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Representing the pronunciation of the letter H.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ache (plural aches)

  1. Rare spelling of aitch.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin apia, plural of apium (celery).

Noun[edit]

ache f (plural aches)

  1. celery (plant)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French ache, from Old French ache, from Vulgar Latin *acca, probably an extension of earlier ha, from an unindentified source. Compare Italian acca.

Noun[edit]

ache m (plural aches)

  1. aitch, The name of the Latin-script letter H.

Descendants[edit]

  • Persian: هاش
  • Romanian: haș
  • Russian: аш ()
  • → Vietnamese: hát

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English eċe, ace, æċe, from Proto-Germanic *akiz. Some forms are remodelled on aken.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaːk(ə)/, /ˈaːtʃ(ə)/, /ˈatʃ(ə)/, /ˈɛːtʃ(ə)/, /ˈɛtʃ(ə)/

Noun[edit]

ache (plural aches)

  1. Aching; long-lasting hurting or injury.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French ache, from Latin apium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈatʃ(ə)/, /ˈaːtʃ(ə)/

Noun[edit]

ache (plural aches)

  1. A plant of the genus Apium, especially celery.
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ache f (uncountable)

  1. (Jersey) wild celery
    Synonym: céléri sauvage

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧che

Verb[edit]

ache

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of achar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of achar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of achar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of achar