adaig

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *adekʷī or *adekī, of unknown origin.

Possibly cognate with Latin āter(dark) or Sanskrit अन्ध(andha, blind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adaig f ‎(genitive aidche or aithche, nominative plural aidchi or aithgi)

  1. night
Declension[edit]
Feminine ī-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative adaigL adaigL aidchiH
Vocative adaigL adaigL aidchiH, aithgiH
Accusative aidchiN, aithchiN adaigL aidchiH, aithgiH
Genitive aidcheH, aithcheH aidcheL, aithcheL aidcheN, aithcheN
Dative aidchiL, aithchiL, adaigL aidchib aidchib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
adaig unchanged n-adaig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

From ad- +‎ aigid.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ad·aig

  1. to drive, impel

Conjugation[edit]

This verb has no prototonic forms or verbal noun of its own; those of aigid are used instead.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ad·aig unchanged ad·n-aig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 adaig” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • ad·aig” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.