adaig

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *adekʷī or *adekī, of unknown origin.

Possibly cognate with Latin āter (dark) or Sanskrit अन्ध (andha, blind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adaig f (genitive aidche or aithche, nominative plural aidchi or aithgi)

  1. night
Declension[edit]
Feminine ī-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative adaigL adaigL aidchiH, aithchi
Vocative adaigL adaigL aidchiH, aithchi
Accusative aidchiN, aithchi adaigL aidchiH, aithchi
Genitive aidcheH, aithche aidcheL, aithche aidcheN
Dative aidchiL, aithchi, adaig aidchib, aithchib aidchib, aithchib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Irish: aidche, oidche

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
adaig unchanged n-adaig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

From ad- +‎ aigid.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ad·aig

  1. to drive, impel

Conjugation[edit]

This verb has no prototonic forms or verbal noun of its own; those of aigid are used instead.

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ad·aig unchanged ad·n-aig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]