addled

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1712, from addle ‎(urine, liquid filth), from Old English adela ‎(mud, mire, liquid manure), cognate with Old Swedish adel ‎(urine), Middle Low German adel, Dutch aal ‎(manure). Used in noun phrase addle egg (mid-13c.) “egg that does not hatch, rotten egg”, lit. “urine egg”, a loan translation of Latin ovum urinum, which is itself an erroneous loan translation of Ancient Greek οὔριον ᾠόν ‎(oúrion ōión, putrid egg), lit. “wind egg”, from οὔριος ‎(oúrios, of the wind), from οὖρος ‎(oûros, fair wind) (confused by Roman writers with οὔριος ‎(oúrios, of urine), from οὖρον ‎(oûron, urine)). Because of this usage, the noun in English was taken as an adj. from c. 1600, meaning “putrid”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

addled

  1. simple past tense and past participle of addle

Adjective[edit]

addled ‎(comparative more addled, superlative most addled)

  1. (of eggs) Bad, rotten; inviable, containing a dead embryo.
  2. Confused; mixed up.
  3. (obsolete) Morbid, corrupt, putrid, or barren. [1]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Webster’s Dictionary 1828 edition