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From Middle Welsh adnabot, from an adjective form related to Proto-Celtic *ati-gninati (to know) (compare Old Irish ad·gnin) compounded with bod (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥néh₃ti, a nasal-infix present of *ǵneh₃- (to know).

The form adwaen is from Proto-Celtic *ati-uɸo-gninati.



adnabod (first-person singular present adwaen)

  1. to recognize (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter)
  2. to know (be acquainted or familiar with)

Usage notes[edit]

In the literary language, this verb means ‘recognize’/‘know’ (in the sense of French connaître and German kennen); in the colloquial language it means only ‘recognize’, while ‘know’ is nabod.



  • (to know (be acquainted or familiar with)): nabod (colloquial)

Derived terms[edit]

  • adnabyddus (famous)
  • nabod (to know (be acquainted or familiar with)) (colloquial)


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
adnabod unchanged unchanged hadnabod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • adwaen”, in R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 1950–present