aestas

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *aissāts, with the suffix -tāt-s restored via analogy. The root is from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eydʰ- (burn; fire), and has cognates in Latin aestus, perhaps aedis, Ancient Greek αἴθω (aíthō)), Old English ād (pyre). The noun suffix is from Proto-Indo-European *-teh₂ts.

De Vaan criticizes a prevalent simple etymology from *h₂e-h₂idʰ-teh₂t-s (with an i-reduplicated root) as unfounded, also observing -dʰt- becomes -ss- in Latin rather than -st-, preferring instead *h₂eydʰ-teh₂ts > Proto-Italic *aissāt-s, which then had the suffix -t- consonant restored.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aestās f (genitive aestātis); third declension

  1. summer

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aestās aestātēs
Genitive aestātis aestātum
Dative aestātī aestātibus
Accusative aestātem aestātēs
Ablative aestāte aestātibus
Vocative aestās aestātēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

In some Romance varieties, replaced by *aestīvum; see also aestīvālis.

References[edit]