From Proto-Germanic *aiganą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyḱ- (“to own”). Cognate with Old Frisian āga, Old Saxon ēgan, Old High German eigan, Old Norse eiga (Danish eje, Swedish äga), Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌰𐌽 (aihan). The Indo-European root is also the source of Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬱𐬁 (aēšā-, “ability, possessions”), Sanskrit ईश (īśa, “lord, possessor”) and Tocharian B aik- (“to know”).
- to own, to possess, to have
- Ah him lifes geweald. He has power over life. (Legend of St Andrew)
- to cause to own: to give, to deliver
- definite singular of aga