ager

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Ager, äger, åger, and Ağer

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

age +‎ -er

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ager (plural agers)

  1. One who or that which ages something.
  2. (euphemistic) One who is aging; an elderly person.
    • 1965, Williams, Richard Hays; Wirths, Claudine G., Lives Through the Years: Styles of Life and Successful Aging, Transaction Publishers, →ISBN, page 165:
      When the aging person depends on another, the control of the aged one's life space is placed in the hands of another person who may or may not contribute action energy that is appropriate or acceptable from the standpoint of the ager.
    • 2006, Davenport, Gloria, Working with Toxic Older Adults: A Guide to Coping with Difficult Elders, Springer Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 143:
      Inappropriate behavior then erupts from the agers involved, disturbing everyone around, including the agers themselves, who often do not understand what is happening and struggle excessively to maintain rigid control of old perceptions and self images.
    • 2014, McFadden, Susan H.; Brennan, Mark, New Directions in the Study of Late Life Religiousness and Spirituality, Routledge, →ISBN, page 62:
      This definition of success is located in society's structures and suits society, not the agers. Successful ageing is arguably therefore a socially constructed phenomenon, characterized by lack of “noise,” maintenance of youthful status until death, and a dogged engagement with social structures which appear almost as if designed to discourage the engagement of older people.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse akr, from Proto-Germanic *akraz, cognate with Swedish åker, English acre, German Acker. The word goes back to Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros (field), which is also the source of Latin ager, Ancient Greek ἀγρός (agrós), Sanskrit अज्रः (ájraḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ager c (singular definite ageren, plural indefinite agre)

  1. (dated) field
    Synonyms: agerjord, mark
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ager

  1. present tense of age

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aɡeːˀr/, [aˈɡ̊eˀɐ̯], [aˈɡ̊eɐ̯ˀ]

Verb[edit]

ager or agér

  1. imperative of agere

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *agros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἀγρός (agrós), Sanskrit अज्र (ájra) and Old English æcer (English acre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ager m (genitive agrī); second declension

  1. field, farm
  2. land, estate, park
  3. territory
  4. country, countryside
  5. terrain
  6. soil

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ager agrī
Genitive agrī agrōrum
Dative agrō agrīs
Accusative agrum agrōs
Ablative agrō agrīs
Vocative ager agrī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: agru
  • French: ager, aire
  • Galician: agro, agra
  • Italian: agro
  • Megleno-Romanian: agru
  • Old Occitan: agre
  • Portuguese: agro
  • Romanian: agru
  • Spanish: agro

References[edit]

  • ager in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ager in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ager in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to irrigate fields: agros irrigare
    • the river floods the fields: flumen agros inundat
    • to settle a large number of people in a country: multitudinem in agris collocare
    • to till the ground: agrum colere (Leg. Agr. 2. 25. 67)
    • to leave fertile ground untilled: agros fertiles deserere
    • to live in the country: in agris esse, habitare
    • the corn is not yet ripe: frumenta in agris matura non sunt (B. G. 1. 16. 2)
    • public land; state domain: ager publicus
    • to allot land: agros assignare (Leg. Agr. 1. 6. 17)
    • to make an inroad into hostile territory: excursionem in hostium agros facere
  • ager in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ager in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin agilis (swift). Doublet of agil, a borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ager m or n (feminine singular ageră, masculine plural ageri, feminine and neuter plural agere)

  1. quick, swift.
  2. smart, cunning, sharp.
  3. (of objects) sharp

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Scanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse akr, from Proto-Germanic *akraz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ager m (definite singular agern, plural agrar)

  1. a field

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ager m (plural agerau)

  1. steam
    Synonyms: stêm, anwedd

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ager unchanged unchanged hager
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.