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From Middle English agreven, from Old French agrever; a (Latin ad) + grever (to burden, injure), from Latin gravare (to weigh down), from gravis (heavy). See grieve, and compare with aggravate.


  • IPA(key): /ʌˈɡɹiv/, IPA(key): /əˈɡɹiv/
  • (file)


aggrieve (third-person singular simple present aggrieves, present participle aggrieving, simple past and past participle aggrieved)

  1. (transitive) To cause someone to feel pain or sorrow to; to afflict
    • 1848, Edgar Allan Poe, Eureka:
      Right is positive; wrong is negative—is merely the negation of right; as cold is the negation of heat—darkness of light. That a thing may be wrong, it is necessary that there be some other thing in relation to which it is wrong—some condition which it fails to satisfy; some law which it violates; some being whom it aggrieves.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To grieve; to lament.

Usage notes[edit]

Now commonly used in the passive, to be aggrieved.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.