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Old Irish[edit]


From Proto-Celtic *atignitom, from *gniyeti (to make, do), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to beget).



aicned n

  1. inherent quality, essence, nature
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 25c5
      Foillsigthir as n‑ísel in doínacht íar n‑aicniud húare as in deacht foda·raithmine⟨dar⟩ ⁊ noda·fortachtaigedar.
      It is shown that the humanity is lowly according to nature because it is the Godhead that remembers it and helps it
  2. mind, spirit, feeling
  3. disposition, character, behaviour
  4. mind, attention, thought, intention, idea
  5. knowledge, science


Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative aicnedN aicnedN aicnedL, aicneda
Vocative aicnedN aicnedN aicnedL, aicneda
Accusative aicnedN aicnedN aicnedL, aicneda
Genitive aicnidL aicned aicnedN
Dative aicniudL aicnedaib aicnedaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]


  • Irish: aigne
  • Manx: aigney
  • Scottish Gaelic: aigne


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aicned unchanged n-aicned
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]