aio

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See also: AIO, -aio, and aîó

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɑijo̞]
  • Hyphenation: ai‧o

Verb[edit]

aio

  1. Present indicative connegative form of aikoa.
  2. Second-person singular imperative form of aikoa.
  3. Second-person singular imperative connegative form of aikoa.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aio m (plural ai) - feminine aia

  1. tutor, teacher

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • aiiō (used in Cicero)
  • ajō (used Medievally)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *agjō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ǵyéti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵ- (to say).

Cognate with Latin adagium, prōdigium, Ancient Greek ἠμί (ēmí, to say), Old Armenian ասեմ (asem, to say), and Proto-Tocharian *āks- (to announce, proclaim, instruct). See also negō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aiō (present infinitive aiere, perfect active ait); third conjugation iō-variant, irregular, highly defective

  1. I say, I assert, I say yes, I say no, I affirm, I assent
    Quid ais?
    What do you say?

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of aiō (third conjugation iō-variant, irregular, active only, highly defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aiō ais ait aiunt
imperfect aiēbam aiēbās aiēbat aiēbāmus aiēbātis aiēbant
perfect aistī ait
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aiās aiat aiant
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ai
future
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives aiere
participles aiēns

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often written āiō, etc. with long ā before consonantal i, even though the a was in fact pronounced short. The reason for this is that consonantal i was pronounced double and made the syllable long by position, and the macron is an attempt to indicate that.
  • Cicero frequently wrote AIIO, AIIUNT, AIIEBANT, etc. to represent the doubled consonantal i. He used the same spelling in MAIIOR (normally maior), EIIUS (normally eius), etc. Other writers sometimes used the same convention, or used the ī longa (tall I), e.g. AꟾO, EꟾUS, or even a combination AIꟾO, EIꟾUS.
  • Forms with long ī, including before final t, can be found in Plautus, e.g. aīs, aīt.
  • Also in Plautus can be found diphthongal forms such as a͡is (one syllable), a͡it (one syllable), a͡ibam/a͡ibās/a͡ibāt (two syllables), etc.
  • Perfect-tense forms aistī, ait are post-Classical.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • aio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to do a thing which is not one's vocation, which goes against the grain: adversante et repugnante natura or invitā Minervā (ut aiunt) aliquid facere (Off. 1. 31. 110)
    • as the proverb says: ut or quod or quomodo aiunt, ut or quemadmodum dicitur
    • (ambiguous) as Homer sings (not canit): ut ait Homerus
    • (ambiguous) as Cicero says: ut ait Cicero (always in this order)

Pohnpeian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aio

  1. yesterday
    Likamwete e kohdo aio.
    Apparently he came yesterday.

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From aia (hired tutoress), of uncertain origin, possibly from Latin avia (grandmother) or Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰 (hagja, protector).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aio m (plural aios, feminine aia, feminine plural aias)

  1. a hired tutor

See also[edit]