aiteann

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aiten m ‎(furze, gorse), from Proto-Celtic *axtīnos ‎(furze, gorse) (compare Welsh eithin), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱstis (compare Lithuanian akstìs ‎(thorn), Russian ость ‎(ostʹ, awn, bristle)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- ‎(sharp).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Aran) IPA(key): /ˈætʲən̪ˠ/

Noun[edit]

aiteann m ‎(genitive singular aitinn, nominative plural aitinn) or
aiteann f ‎(genitive singular aitinne)

  1. furze, gorse, whin
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 31:
      æcn̥̄ ə fās sə ŋort šə.
      conventional orthography: aiteann ag fás sa ngort seo.
      Furze is growing in this field.
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 31:
      dā jēŕ n̥ køln̄, tā æcn̥̄ xō ǵēŕ leš.
      conventional orthography: Dá ghéar an cuileann, tá aiteann ag chomh géar leis.
      However sharp the holly is, furze is just as sharp.

Declension[edit]

Declension as masculine
Declension as feminine

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aiteann n-aiteann haiteann t-aiteann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • aittenn” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*axto-, *axtīno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1
  • "aiteann" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aiten m ‎(furze, gorse), from Proto-Celtic *axtīnos ‎(furze, gorse) (compare Welsh eithin), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱstis (compare Lithuanian akstìs ‎(thorn), Russian ость ‎(ostʹ, awn, bristle)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- ‎(sharp).

Noun[edit]

aiteann m ‎(genitive singular aitinn, plural aitinn)

  1. juniper

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aiteann n-aiteann h-aiteann t-aiteann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]