alam

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: alām, alam-, and āläm

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately derived from ala (area).

Noun[edit]

alam (genitive alama, partitive alama)

  1. inferior, something or someone that is of a lower standing

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Hiligaynon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay alam, from Arabic عَالَم(ʿālam).

Noun[edit]

álam

  1. knowledge, learning

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

álam

  1. to be or become wise

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈalam]
  • Hyphenation: alam

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay alam, from Classical Malay alam, from Arabic عَالَم(ʿālam).

Noun[edit]

alam (first-person possessive alamku, second-person possessive alammu, third-person possessive alamnya)

  1. universe: the sum of everything that exists in the cosmos, including time and space itself.
  2. nature: the natural world; that which consists of all things unaffected by or predating human technology, production, and design.
  3. world
    Synonym: dunia
  4. realm: a territory or state, as ruled by a specific power, especially by a king.
    Synonyms: daerah, kerajaan, negeri
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic عَلَم(ʿalam, flag, banner; authority, distinguished man).

Noun[edit]

alam

  1. banner, standard
    Synonyms: bendera, panji
  2. an official of religious affairs in Banten and Madura
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Kavalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

alam

  1. bird

Lacandon[edit]

Adverb[edit]

alam

  1. down

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ālam f

  1. accusative singular of āla

Verb[edit]

alam

  1. inflection of alō:
    1. first-person singular future active indicative
    2. first-person singular present active subjunctive

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَالَم(ʿālam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

alam (Jawi spelling عالم‎, plural alam-alam, informal 1st possessive alamku, 2nd possessive alammu, 3rd possessive alamnya)

  1. realm, world
  2. field (of interest)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: alam

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

alam

  1. third-person plural (eles and elas, also used with vocês and others) present indicative of alar

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay alam, from Arabic عَالَم(ʿālam, world, universe).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧lam
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlam/, [ʔɐˈlam]
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔalam/, [ˈʔalɐm] (noun)
  • Rhymes: -alam

Noun[edit]

alám or alam

  1. knowledge; learning; wisdom
    Synonyms: talino, dunong
  2. understanding; sense
    Synonym: unawa
  3. involvement; participation

Adjective[edit]

alám

  1. known; familiar
    Synonyms: batid, lantad
  2. aware; conscious; cognizant; sensible
    Synonym: batid
  3. clear; understood
    Synonym: maliwanag
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧lam
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔalam/, [ˈʔalɐm]
  • Rhymes: -alam

Noun[edit]

alam

  1. root used in the word paalam to mean "goodbye"
Derived terms[edit]

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic عَالَم(ʿālam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alam

  1. world, universe

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English alarm.

Noun[edit]

alam

  1. alarm