From Latin amphora, from Ancient Greek ἀμφορεύς (amphoreús, “vase-shaped ornament with a narrow neck”). The earliest known form, and origin of the classical forms, is Mycenaean Greek [script needed] (amphiphorēwes, “carried on both sides”).
- A two-handled jar with a narrow neck that was used in ancient times to store or carry wine or oil.
- One of various units for measuring liquid or volume during the Roman Empire, measuring between 18.5 and 39 litres depending on the variant.
- Ancient unit of volume, for the measurement of the internal capacity of a ship.
- In botany, the lower valve of the fruit that opens transversely.
- A vessel, usually made of clay, with two handles or ears for liquids; amphora; flagon, pitcher, flask, bottle, jar.
- A measure for liquids; quadrantal; the measure of a ship.
- Catalan: àmfora
- French: amphore
- Galician: ánfora
- Italian: anfora
- Portuguese: ânfora
- Spanish: ánfora
- → English: amphor
- → German: Amphore
- →? West Germanic: *ambrī (see there for further descendants)
- amphora in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- amphora in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- amphora in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- amphora in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- amphora in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia
- amphora in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- amphora in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin