amphora

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See also: âmphora

English[edit]

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An Etruscan amphora

Etymology[edit]

From Latin amphora, from Ancient Greek ἀμφορεύς (amphoreús, vase-shaped ornament with a narrow neck). The earliest known form, and origin of the classical forms, is Mycenaean Greek [script needed] (amphiphorēwes, carried on both sides).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

amphora (plural amphorae or amphoras)

  1. A two-handled jar with a narrow neck that was used in ancient times to store or carry wine or oil.
  2. One of various units for measuring liquid or volume during the Roman Empire, measuring between 18.5 and 39 litres depending on the variant.
  3. Ancient unit of volume, for the measurement of the internal capacity of a ship.
  4. In botany, the lower valve of the fruit that opens transversely.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀμφορεύς (amphoreús, vased shaped ornament with a narrow neck, literally two-handled pitcher).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

amphora f (genitive amphorae); first declension

  1. A vessel, usually made of clay, with two handles or ears for liquids; amphora; flagon, pitcher, flask, bottle, jar.
  2. A measure for liquids; quadrantal; the measure of a ship.

Declension[edit]

The genitive plural amphorārum has the alternative form amphorum which is especially used in the sense of a measure.

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative amphora amphorae
Genitive amphorae amphorum
amphorārum
Dative amphorae amphorīs
Accusative amphoram amphorās
Ablative amphorā amphorīs
Vocative amphora amphorae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: àmfora
  • French: amphore
  • Galician: ánfora
  • Italian: anfora
  • Portuguese: ânfora
  • Spanish: ánfora
  • English: amphor
  • German: Amphore
  • ? West Germanic: *ambrī (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • amphora in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • amphora in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • amphora in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • amphora in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • amphora in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • amphora in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • amphora in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin