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See also: amusé



From Late Middle English *amusen (to mutter, be astonished, gaze meditatively on), from Old French amuser (to stupefy, waste time, be lost in thought), from a- + muser (to stare stupidly at, gape, wander, waste time, loiter, think carefully about, attend to), of uncertain and obscure origin. Cognate with Occitan musa (idle waiting), Italian musare (to gape idly about). Possibly from Old French *mus (snout) from Vulgar Latin *mūsa (snout)  — compare Medieval Latin mūsum (muzzle, snout) –, from Proto-Germanic *mū- (muzzle, snout), from Proto-Indo-European *mū- (lips, muzzle). Compare North Frisian müs, mös (mouth), German Maul (muzzle, snout).

Alternative etymology connects muser and musa with Frankish *muoza (careful attention, leisure, idleness), from Proto-Germanic *mōtǭ (leave, permission), from Proto-Indo-European *med- (to acquire, possess, control). This would make it a cognate of Dutch musen (to leisure), Old High German *muoza (careful attention, leisure, idleness) and muozōn (to be idle, have leisure or opportunity), German Muße (leisure). More at empty.


  • IPA(key): /əˈmjuːz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːz


amuse (third-person singular simple present amuses, present participle amusing, simple past and past participle amused)

  1. (transitive) To entertain or occupy (someone or something) in a pleasant manner; to stir (an individual) with pleasing emotions.
    I watch these movies because they amuse me.
    It always amuses me to hear the funny stories why people haven't got a ticket, but I never let them get in without paying.
    • 1786, William Gilpin, Observations, relative chiefly to picturesque beauty, made in the year 1772, on several parts of England; particularly the mountains, and lakes of Cumberland, and Westmoreland:
      A group of children amusing themselves with pushing stones from the top [of the cliff], and watching as they plunged into the lake.
  2. To cause laughter or amusement; to be funny.
    His jokes rarely fail to amuse.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To keep in expectation; to beguile; to delude.
  4. (transitive, archaic) To occupy or engage the attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to distract; to bewilder.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, edited by James Nichols, The Church History of Britain, [], new edition, volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), London: [] [James Nichols] for Thomas Tegg and Son, [], published 1837, →OCLC:
      Being amused with grief, fear, and fright, he could not find the house.
      The spelling has been modernized.
    • 1659, T[itus] Livius [i.e., Livy], “(please specify the book number)”, in Philemon Holland, transl., The Romane Historie [], London: [] W. Hunt, for George Sawbridge, [], →OCLC:
      the enemies were amused on the fires that our men made
    • 1690, Thomas Browne, A Letter to a Friend:
      Hairs which have most amused me have not been in the Face or Head, but on the Back, and not in Men but Children, as I long ago observed in that Endemial Distemper of little Children in Languedock, called the Morgellons, []


Derived terms[edit]


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Clipping of amuse-bouche or amuse-gueule.


  • IPA(key): /ˌaːˈmyː.zə/, /ˌaːˈmy.zə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: amu‧se


amuse m (plural amuses)

  1. appetiser, hors d'oeuvre





  1. inflection of amuser:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative