anchovy

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
line drawing of a Common European Anchovy
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish anchova, from Genoese Ligurian anciôa or related Corsican anchjuva, anciua. The term's ultimate origin is unclear; some suggest it may have derived from an unattested Vulgar Latin term *apiuva, from Latin aphyē, apua, from Ancient Greek ἀφύη (aphúē) (which may be formed like Sanskrit अभ्व (ábhva-) ‘monster’)[1]; others suggest it comes from Basque antxu, anchu (dried fish), from anchuva (dry),[2] if that Basque term is not itself derived from Latin via some intermediary.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

anchovy (plural anchovies)

  1. Any small saltwater fish of the Engraulidae family, consisting of 160 species in 16 genera, of which the genus Engraulis is widely sold as food.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Meier-Brügger, “Griechisch ἀφύη ‘Bratfischchen’, ved. ábhva- ‘Unding’, myk. a-phu-”, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 52 (1991): 123–5.
  2. ^ anchovy” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018.
  3. ^ Robert Lawrence Trask, The History of Basque