From Spanish anchova, from Genoese Ligurian anchua anchova or perhaps from a similar Corsican term. The term's ultimate origin is unclear; some suggest it may have derived from an unattested Vulgar Latin term *apiuva, from Latin aphye, from Ancient Greek ἀφύη (aphúē) (which is from a Proto-Indo-European root shared with Sanskrit अभ्व (abhva, “monster”)); others suggest it comes from Basque antxu, anchu (“dried fish”), from anchuva (“dry”), if that Basque term is not itself derived from Latin via some intermediary.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæn.tʃə.vi/, /ˈæn.tʃəʊ.vi/, /ænˈtʃəʊ.vi/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈæn.tʃoʊ.vi/, /ænˈtʃoʊ.vi/
Audio (US) (file)
anchovy (plural anchovies)
- Any small saltwater fish of the Engraulidae family, consisting of 160 species in 16 genera, of which the genus Engraulis is widely sold as food.