arma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: armá, armà, armâ, armã, and armă

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armes)

  1. weapon

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Spanish arma.

Noun[edit]

arma inan

  1. weapon

Declension[edit]

Declension of arma (inanimate, ending in -a)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive arma arma armak
ergative armak armak armek
dative armari armari armei
genitive armaren armaren armen
comitative armarekin armarekin armekin
causative armarengatik armarengatik armengatik
benefactive armarentzat armarentzat armentzat
instrumental armaz armaz armez
inessive armatan arman armetan
locative armatako armako armetako
allative armatara armara armetara
terminative armataraino armaraino armetaraino
directive armatarantz armarantz armetarantz
destinative armatarako armarako armetarako
ablative armatatik armatik armetatik
partitive armarik
prolative armatzat

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armes)

  1. weapon
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of armar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of armar

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular past historic of armer

Anagrams[edit]


Fula[edit]

Particle[edit]

arma

  1. (Literary) forms the future tense

References[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese arma, from Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon, arm

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • arma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2012.
  • arma” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2016.
  • arma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • arma” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • arma” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

arma

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐌰

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma

  1. indefinite accusative plural of armur
  2. indefinite genitive plural of armur

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma (plural armas)

  1. weapon, arm

Related terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma

  1. inflection of arm:
    1. vocative plural
    2. (archaic) nominative plural

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
arma n-arma harma not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈar.ma/
  • Rhymes: -arma
  • Hyphenation: àr‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms, weapons of war, war, defense, tools), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armi) (archaic plural arme)

  1. weapon, arms
  2. (military) arm, force
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. inflection of armare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join). armentum is an independent derivation from the same root, as if from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mn̥-tom. Cognates include Sanskrit ऋत (ṛtá, order; right; agreement etc.) and अरम् (áram, fitting), Ancient Greek ἀραρίσκω (ararískō, to fit together) and Old Armenian արարի (arari, I made).

Semantic development was "that what is fitted together" → "tools" → "weapons". Also related to ars, artus, rītus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma n pl (genitive armōrum); second declension

(plural only)

  1. arms, weapons of war, weaponry (implements of warfare)
    Hypernym: tēla (offensive weapons)
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 29.4.2.3:
      mūnīre urbem, frūmentum convehere, tēla arma parāre
      to strengthen the defences of the city, to accumulate stores of corn, to prepare a supply of missiles and arms
    • 8th C. CE, Paulus Diaconus (author), Karl Otfried Müller (editor), Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum (1839), page 2, line 13:
      Arma propriē dīcuntur ab armīs, id est humerīs, dēpendentia, ut scūtum, gladius, pūgiō, sīca; ut ea, quibus procul proeliāmur, tēla.
      'Arma' 'weapons' are, properly speaking, that thich hangs from the 'armi', that is 'shoulders,' such as the shield, sword, dirk, dagger; and such as that using which we fight at a distance, missiles.
    1. defensive arms: armour, shields (etc.)
    2. close-quarter weapons (offensive or defensive)
      Antonym: tēla (missiles)
    3. (poetic) missile weapons
      Synonym: tēla
  2. (metonymically) military action, war (arms as instruments of policy)
  3. (abstract or concrete) warfare, battle (military exploits)
  4. (metonymically) troops, military forces, the army
  5. weapons as means of defence
  6. (by extension) tools, equipment
    Synonym: armāmenta
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Plural
Nominative arma
Genitive armōrum
armum
Dative armīs
Accusative arma
Ablative armīs
Vocative arma
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Nominative plural → feminine singular transfer common during the period.

Noun[edit]

arma f (genitive armae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin) a piece of weaponry
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative arma armae
Genitive armae armārum
Dative armae armīs
Accusative armam armās
Ablative armā armīs
Vocative arma armae
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan arma, from Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon

Related terms[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From armr.

Noun[edit]

arma f (genitive ǫrmu, plural ǫrmur)

  1. pity

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • arma”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms).

Noun[edit]

arma f (oblique plural armas, nominative singular arma, nominative plural armas)

  1. weapon

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon; arm

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese arma, from Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon
    Synonym: armamento

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of armar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of armar

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma

  1. basin, sink, bathtub
  2. the Big Dipper

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin armāre, French armer, or Italian armare.

Verb[edit]

a arma (third-person singular present armează, past participle armat1st conj.

  1. to prepare a weapon for firing
  2. to arm, equip
    Synonyms: înarma, întrarma
  3. (figuratively) to strengthen by adding reinforcement (e.g. armor, a mineshaft, etc.)
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French armer.

Verb[edit]

a arma (third-person singular present armează, past participle armat1st conj.

  1. to launch a ship in service with all necessary equipment

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

arma

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of armă

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaɾma/, [ˈaɾ.ma]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Spanish arma, from Late Latin arma (weapon), from Latin arma (defensive arms), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon, arm
    El arma secretathe secret weapon
    Las armas secretasthe secret weapons
Usage notes[edit]
  • The feminine noun arma is like other feminine nouns starting with a stressed /a/ sound in that it takes the articles el and un (normally reserved for masculine nouns) in the singular when there is no intervening adjective:
el arma
un arma
  • However, if an adjective, even one that begins with stressed /a/ such as alta or ancha, intervenes between the article and the noun, the article reverts to la or una.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of armar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of armar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of armar.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

arma

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of arm.

Anagrams[edit]