The place name is from Old French Arteis, from Atrebates, a pre-Roman Gallo-Germanic tribe in northwestern Gaul, from Proto-Celtic *ad-treb-a-t-es (“inhabitants”), from *trebā (“home, building”); see also Middle Breton treff (“city”), Welsh tref (“town”), and Old Irish treb (“farm, building”) – all from Proto-Indo-European *treb- (“settlement”) (same source as Old English þorp (“village”), Lithuanian troba (“house”), and Occitan trevar (“to live in a village or house”)). See also Old Irish aittrebaid (“inhabitant”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɑɹˈtiʒən/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɑːˈtiːʒən/
- Hyphenation: ar‧te‧sian
artesian (not comparable)