athair

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Athair

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish athair, from Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈahəɾʲ/
  • (Aran) IPA(key): /ˈæhəɾʲ/
  • (Cois Fharraige) IPA(key): /æːɾʲ/

Noun[edit]

athair m ‎(genitive singular athar, nominative plural aithreacha)

  1. father (male parent; term of address for a priest; male ancestor more remote than a parent, a progenitor)
    Fuair m’athair bás.
    My father died.
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 21:
      ḱē n xȳ ə wil tū, ə æhŕ̥?
      conventional orthography: Cén chaoi a bhfuil tú, a athair?
      How are you, father? (could be addressed to one’s own father or to a priest, as in English)
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      æhŕəxə
      conventional orthography: m’aithreacha ‎(my fathers, my ancestors)
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      h-æhŕəxə n̄ȳfe[1]
      conventional orthography: na haithreacha naofa ‎(the Church Fathers)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
athair n-athair hathair t-athair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Corrected by the author on p. 257 to nȳfə

References[edit]

  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “aṫair” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "athair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

athair m ‎(genitive athar, nominative plural aithir)

  1. father

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
athair unchanged n-athair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish athair, from Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

athair m ‎(genitive singular athar, plural athraichean)

  1. father

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
athair n-athair h-athair t-athair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.