athair

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See also: Athair

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish athair, from Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Noun[edit]

athair m (genitive singular athar, nominative plural aithreacha)

  1. father (male parent; term of address for a priest; male ancestor more remote than a parent, a progenitor)
    Fuair m’athair bás.
    My father died.
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 21:
      ḱē n xȳ ə wil tū, ə æhŕ̥?
      conventional orthography: Cén chaoi a bhfuil tú, a athair?
      How are you, father? (could be addressed to one’s own father or to a priest, as in English)
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      æhŕəxə
      conventional orthography: m’aithreacha (my fathers, my ancestors)
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      h-æhŕəxə n̄ȳfe[1]
      conventional orthography: na haithreacha naofa (the Church Fathers)
  2. ancestor
  3. sire
Declension[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

athair f (genitive singular athrach)

  1. creeper
  2. Alternative form of nathair (snake)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
athair n-athair hathair not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Corrected by the author on p. 257 to nȳfə

Further reading[edit]

  • "athair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “aṫair” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

athair m (genitive athar, nominative plural aithir)

  1. father

Inflection[edit]

Masculine r-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
athair unchanged n-athair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish athair, from Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

athair m (genitive singular athar, plural athraichean)

  1. father

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
athair n-athair h-athair t-athair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 athair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.