auns

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Latvian[edit]

Auni

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *awinas, from Proto-Indo-European *ówis, from *h₃éwis (< *h₃éwi-, *h₂ówi ‎(sheep, ram)). Cognates include Lithuanian ãvinas, Old Prussian awins, Old Church Slavonic овьнъ ‎(ovĭnŭ), Russian ове́н ‎(ovén). These terms are formed from *h₃éwi-, originally a term for sheep in general (possibly derived from *ew-, *Hew- ‎(to dress), i.e. “(animal) dressed (in wool)”), with a suffix *-in to distinguish male sheep. Other terms derived from *h₃éwi- include Old Church Slavonic овьца ‎(ovĭca), Russian, Bulgarian овца ‎(ovcá), Belarusian аўца́ ‎(aŭcá), аве́чка ‎(avjéčka), Ukrainian вівца́ ‎(vivcá), Czech ovce, Slovak ovca, Polish owca ‎(ewe), Gothic 𐌰𐍅𐌴𐌸𐌹 ‎(awēþi, herd of sheep), Old High German ouwi, ou ‎(ewe) (< *awī), Hittite ẖawi-, Sanskrit अविः ‎(áviḥ), Ancient Greek οἶς ‎(oîs), Latin ovis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

auns m (1st declension)

  1. male sheep, ram, tup
    ragains auns — horned ram
    atšķirt, nošķirt aunus no avīm — to distinguish the rams from the ewes (i.e., the good from the bad, the innocent from the guilty)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “auns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7