ax

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See also: AX, Ax, ax̱, .ax, -ax, and ах

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. (US) Alternative spelling of axe

Verb[edit]

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. Alternative spelling of axe

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English acsian/axian, showing metathesis from ascian. Ax/aks was the regular literary form until about 1600.

Verb[edit]

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (now dialectal or nonstandard, especially African American Vernacular) Alternative form of ask
    1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts I:
    When they were come togedder, they axed off hym, sayinge: Master wilt thou at this tyme restore agayne the kyngdom of israhel?
    1879, William Barnes, “The Welshnut Tree”, in Complete Poems of William Barnes, volume 1, page 106:
    Ar try who'l ax em the hardest riddle, / Ar soonest vind out oone put us, true;
    1979, Verna Mae Slone, What My Heart Wants to Tell, Kentucky 1988, p. 18:
    ‘I axed him if he knowed the way and he said he had not fergitten the lay of the land.’

Usage note[edit]

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2000), the form “ax” is now associated with African American Vernacular English, but in the past it was common among “white” Americans as well, especially in New England, and is a feature of some British dialects. It was a common word in English for 1000 years (Chaucer used both forms interchangeably), but is now stigmatized as substandard. This is similar to the case of words like ain't which were also perfectly acceptable in the past.


Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ax

  1. not

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ax, from Proto-Germanic *ahsą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax n (genitive singular ax, nominative plural öx)

  1. ear (of corn)

Declension[edit]


Jamaican Creole[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ax

  1. ask

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English æx, æcs, from Proto-Germanic *akwisī.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. An axe (tool)
  2. An axe (weapon)
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English eax, from Proto-Germanic *ahsō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. (rare) An axle, axletree, pole
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Old French[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ax

  1. Contraction of a + les (to the)

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ahsą.

Noun[edit]

ax n (genitive ax, plural ǫx)

  1. ear (of corn)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: ax
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: aks
  • Norwegian Bokmål: aks
  • Swedish: ax
  • Westrobothnian: aks
  • Danish: aks

References[edit]

ax in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax n

  1. an ear (fruiting body of a grain plant)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ax axet ax axen
Genitive ax axets ax axens