ax

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See also: Ax, AX, -ax, .ax, ax̱, a꞉x, ˀa·x, and ах

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: ăks, IPA(key): /æks/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æks

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of axe

Verb[edit]

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of axe

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English acsian and axian, showing metathesis from ascian. Ax/aks was common in literary works until about 1600.

Verb[edit]

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (now nonstandard or dialectical, especially African-American Vernacular and Bermuda) Alternative form of ask
Usage notes[edit]

This and related forms of ask have been used since Old English and were long employed in literature and prestige dialects. Chaucer used ask, ax, and axe interchangeably. They remain in use in some rural areas of Britain and Appalachia but are now regarded as nonstandard and primarily associated with AAVE dialects in the US and MLE dialects in the UK.

References[edit]


Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ax

  1. not

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ax

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax n (genitive singular ax, nominative plural öx)

  1. ear (of corn)

Declension[edit]


Jamaican Creole[edit]

Verb[edit]

ax

  1. Alternative spelling of aks.
    • 2006, Amina Blackwood-Meeks, “Aiming at your dreams”, in The Jamaica Gleaner[1]:
      “Well she sey one a de man dem come right up to har car window an show har fe him sign wid him finga, order har outa de plaza like sey it was him personal yaad an ax har if she tink sey chu hooman a go tun Prime Minista she can jus come park which part she have a mind. []
      So she said one of the men walked right up to her car window and pointed at his sign with his finger and ordered her to leave the plaza as if it were his own home. He asked her if she thought that the fact that a woman was going to become Prime Minister that she could just park anywhere she wanted to. []

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English æx, æcs, from Proto-West Germanic *akusi.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. An axe (tool)
  2. An axe (weapon)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: axe, ax
  • Scots: aix
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English eax, from Proto-Germanic *ahsu.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax (plural axes)

  1. (rare) An axle, axletree, pole
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Persian خاک(xâk, earth, soil, dust). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eHs- (to be dry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ax f (Arabic spelling ئاخ‎)

  1. dirt, ground, soil, earth
    Synonyms: erd, xwelî
  2. dust
    Synonym: xubar
  3. matter

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003), “ax”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press

Old French[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ax

  1. Contraction of a + les (to the)

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ahsą, from *ahaz (ear (of grain)).

Noun[edit]

ax n (genitive ax, plural ǫx)

  1. ear (of corn)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: ax
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: aks
  • Norwegian Bokmål: aks
  • Westrobothnian: aks
  • Old Swedish: ax
    • Swedish: ax
  • Danish: aks

References[edit]

ax”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French axe, from Latin axis.

Noun[edit]

ax n (plural axe)

  1. axle
  2. axis

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ax

Noun[edit]

ax n

  1. an ear (fruiting body of a grain plant)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ax axet ax axen
Genitive ax axets ax axens