bērzs

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Latvian[edit]

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 bērzi on Latvian Wikipedia
Bērzs

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *berž-, perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *berźas, *berźā[1] (with the long ē caused by the level intonation: er̄ > ēːr), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵs,[2] a nominalized adjectival form, originally meaning “bright; white” (compare Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷𐍄(bairht, light, bright), English bright), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-(bright, light brown). Dialectal bērze is closer to Old Prussian, while dialectal bērza is closer to Slavic. Cognates include Lithuanian béržas, Old Prussian berse, Proto-Slavic *berza (Old Church Slavonic брѣза(brěza), Russian берёза(berjóza), Belarusian бяроза(bjaróza), Ukrainian береза(beréza), Bulgarian бреза(brezá), Czech bříza, Polish brzoza), Old English beorc, Old High German birka, English birch, German Birke, Sanskrit भूर्जः(bhūrjáḥ), Latin frāxinus(ash tree) (< *bherg-s-enos). [3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bērzs m (1st declension)

  1. birch tree (gen. Betula)
    bērza lapa, malka, tāss‎ ― birch leaf, wood, bark
    purva bērzs‎ ― bog birch
    āra bērzs‎ ― silver birch, European white birch
    nocirst bērzu‎ ― to cut down a birch tree
    bērzu sula‎ ― birch juice
    bērzu slota‎ ― birch broom
    sasiet bērza zarus slotā‎ ― to tie birch branches into a broom

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ beržas in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 38
  3. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bērzs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7