bacach

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish baccach (lame; lame person), from bacc (angle, bend; hindrance, act of hindering) + -ach.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bacach (genitive singular masculine bacaigh, genitive singular feminine bacaí, plural bacacha, comparative bacaí)

  1. lame
  2. halting, imperfect

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bacach m (genitive singular bacaigh, nominative plural bacaigh)

  1. lame person
  2. beggar
    Synonym: sirtheoir
    Ná bac le mac an bhacaigh is ní bhacfaidh mac an bhacaigh leat.
    Don’t bother the beggar’s son and the beggar’s son won’t bother you.
    1. mean person, sponger
    2. despicable person

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • bacachas m ((act of) begging, sponging)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bacach bhacach mbacach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "bacach" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • baccach” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “bacach” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “bacach” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish baccach (lame; lame person), from bacc (angle, bend; hindrance, act of hindering) + -ach.

Adjective[edit]

bacach

  1. crippled, lame, limping
  2. rugged

Declension[edit]

First declension; forms of the positive degree:

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative bacach bhacach bacach
Vocative bhacaich bhacaich bacach
Genitive bhacaich bhacaich/bacaich bacach
Dative bhacach bhacaich bacach

Comparative/superlative: bacaiche

Noun[edit]

bacach m (genitive singular bacaich, plural bacaich)

  1. a crippled person

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bacach bhacach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • baccach” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.