ban

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Contents

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bannen, from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out), from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- (to say). Cognate with Dutch bannen (to ban, exile, discard), German bannen (to exile, to exorcise, captivate, excommunicate), Swedish banna (to ban, scold), Armenian բան (ban) and perhaps Albanian banoj (to reside, dwell). See also banal, abandon.

Verb[edit]

ban (third-person singular simple present bans, present participle banning, simple past and past participle banned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To summon; to call out.
  2. (transitive) To anathematize; to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon; to place under a ban.
  3. (transitive) To curse; to execrate.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)
  4. (transitive) To prohibit; to interdict; to proscribe; to forbid or block from participation.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Byron to this entry?)
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
    • 2013 August 10, “A new prescription”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the cycle begins again.
    Bare feet are banned in this establishment.
  5. (transitive) To curse; to utter curses or maledictions.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. prohibition
    • Milton
      under ban to touch
  2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation. Chiefly, in early use, a summons to arms.
    Bans is common and ordinary amongst the Feudists, and signifies a proclamation, or any public notice.
  3. The gathering of the (French) king's vassals for war; the whole body of vassals so assembled, or liable to be summoned; originally, the same as arrière-ban: in the 16th c., French usage created a distinction between ban and arrière-ban, for which see the latter word.
    He has sent abroad to assemble his ban and arriere ban.
    The Ban and the Arrierban are met armed in the field to choose a king.
    France was at such a Pinch..that they call'd their Ban and Arriere Ban, the assembling whereof had been long discussed, and in a manner antiquated.
    The ban was sometimes convoked, that is, the possessors of the fiefs were called upon for military services.
    The act of calling together the vassals in armed array, was entitled ‘convoking the ban.
  4. (obsolete) A curse or anathema.
    • Shakespeare
      Hecate's ban
  5. A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban, such as a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Romanian ban of uncertain origin, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian bân.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bani)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Romanian leu
  2. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Moldovan leu
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Banburismus; coined by Alan Turing.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. A unit measuring information or entropy based on base-ten logarithms, rather than the base-two logarithms that define the bit.
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From South Slavic ban (compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. A title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bannen)

  1. excommunication, denunciation
  2. anathema which is cast upon one who is excommunicated
  3. magic spell
  4. (archaic) exile

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French [Term?], from Frankish *ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. (dated) public declaration
  2. (dated) announcement of a marriage
  3. (East of France, Wallonia) territory
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Serbo-Croatian bȃn. See English ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (nobleman)

External links[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. give

Synonyms[edit]


Iberian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ban

  1. one

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Dutch band (band, connection, tire/tyre).

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. tyre / tire

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban f pl

  1. genitive plural of bean

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ban bhan mban
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ban

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バン

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

ban

  1. rafsi of bangu.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ban

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. death

Verb[edit]

ban (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To die.
  2. First-person singular realis mood form of ban; I died; I have died.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. imperative of bane (Etymology 3)

O'odham[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban (plural ba꞉ban)

  1. coyote

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bainą. Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old Saxon bēn (Low German been, bein), Dutch been (bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein (leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein (bone)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bān n (nominative plural bān)

  1. bone

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ban

  1. first-person plural imperative of is

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban m anim

  1. ban (a subdivision of currency)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English ban.

Noun[edit]

ban m anim

  1. ban (on the Internet)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Serbo-Croatian ban, from Turkish bajan.

Noun[edit]

ban m pers

  1. ban (title)
Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ban in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

Noun[edit]

ban m (plural bani)

  1. money; coin

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Usually used in the plural form, bani

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Proto-Slavic *banъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȃn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑н)

  1. ban (title)

Declension[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban ()

  1. time


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French bain.

Noun[edit]

ban (plural bans)

  1. bath

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *bann, from Proto-Celtic *bandā.

Noun[edit]

ban m

  1. peak

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ban fan man unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

ban

  1. dome, cupola