bedel

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See also: Bedel

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin pedellus, bedellus, bidellus, from Middle English bedel; cognate with beadle.

Noun[edit]

bedel (plural bedels)

  1. (historical) An administrative official at universities in several European countries, often with a policiary function at the time when universities had their own jurisdiction over students.
    Oxford today has four bedels, representing Divinity, Law, Medicine, and Arts.
    • 1837, William Harrison Ainsworth, “The Rector”, in Crichton, volume I, London: Richard Bentley, page 59:
      Next came the bedels and minor-bedels of all the Faculties, who by some accident were so jumbled together, that it was impossible to determine or arrange any order of precedence. [] These bedels or greffiers were jolly robustious souls, bending beneath the weight of their ponderous silver maces, and attired in gowns of black, blue, violet, or dark red, each colour denoting the Faculty to which the wearer pertained.

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bedelen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

bedel (present bedel, present participle bedelende, past participle gebedel)

  1. To beg

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bedel

  1. A toll, due, fee, contribution

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bedel

  1. genitive plural of bedla

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From bedelen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bedel m (plural bedels, diminutive bedeltje n)

  1. A charm (small trinket or pendant on a bracelet).
  2. The practice of begging, mendicancy.
Usage notes[edit]

In the sense “charm” most commonly used in the diminutive form bedeltje. When used as the first component in a compound noun, however, as in bedelarmband = bedel +‎ armband, the main form is used.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from German Pedell, from Medieval Latin bidellus, bedellus, pedellus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈdɛl/
  • Hyphenation: be‧del
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Noun[edit]

bedel m (plural bedels, diminutive bedeltje n)

  1. (obsolete) A beadle, academic usher.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bedel

  1. inflection of bedelen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin bidellus, bedellus, pedellus, from a merger of Frankish *bidil (candidate, volunteer) (from Proto-Germanic *bidilaz (seeker), from *bidjaną (to ask, beseech)) and Frankish *budil (herald, beadle) (from Proto-Germanic *budilaz (herald)). Akin to Old High German bitil (candidate), Old High German butil (beadle) (German Büttel), Old English bydel (apparitor, messenger, beadle) (English beadle).

Noun[edit]

bedel oblique singularm (oblique plural bedeaus or bedeax or bediaus or bediax or bedels, nominative singular bedeaus or bedeax or bediaus or bediax or bedels, nominative plural bedel)

  1. A beadle, academic usher

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: bedeau
  • Italian: bidello

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bedel m or f by sense (plural bedeles)

  1. janitor, porter

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishبدل⁩, from Arabicبَدَل(badal, substitution, equivalent).

Adjective[edit]

bedel

  1. equivalent
    Bir dolar, beş Türk lirasına bedel.One dollar is equivalent to five Turkish lira.

Noun[edit]

bedel (definite accusative bedeli, plural bedeller)

  1. value, price
    Bu hatasının bedelini ödemelidir.
    He has to pay for his error (literally: “He must pay the price of this error of his”).
  2. substitute
  3. substitute hajji (a person who performs the hajj for payment in place of someone else)
    Hacca gitmemiş bir kimse, başkasının yerine bedel olarak hacca gidebilir mi?
    Can someone who has not performed the hajj go as substitute in someone else’s place?

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative bedel
Definite accusative bedeli
Singular Plural
Nominative bedel bedeller
Definite accusative bedeli bedelleri
Dative bedele bedellere
Locative bedelde bedellerde
Ablative bedelden bedellerden
Genitive bedelin bedellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelim bedellerim
2nd singular bedelin bedellerin
3rd singular bedeli bedelleri
1st plural bedelimiz bedellerimiz
2nd plural bedeliniz bedelleriniz
3rd plural bedelleri bedelleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelimi bedellerimi
2nd singular bedelini bedellerini
3rd singular bedelini bedellerini
1st plural bedelimizi bedellerimizi
2nd plural bedelinizi bedellerinizi
3rd plural bedellerini bedellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelime bedellerime
2nd singular bedeline bedellerine
3rd singular bedeline bedellerine
1st plural bedelimize bedellerimize
2nd plural bedelinize bedellerinize
3rd plural bedellerine bedellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelimde bedellerimde
2nd singular bedelinde bedellerinde
3rd singular bedelinde bedellerinde
1st plural bedelimizde bedellerimizde
2nd plural bedelinizde bedellerinizde
3rd plural bedellerinde bedellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelimden bedellerimden
2nd singular bedelinden bedellerinden
3rd singular bedelinden bedellerinden
1st plural bedelimizden bedellerimizden
2nd plural bedelinizden bedellerinizden
3rd plural bedellerinden bedellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular bedelimin bedellerimin
2nd singular bedelinin bedellerinin
3rd singular bedelinin bedellerinin
1st plural bedelimizin bedellerimizin
2nd plural bedelinizin bedellerinizin
3rd plural bedellerinin bedellerinin

References[edit]