bellum

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From older form duellum. Then later changed the initial duellum into bellum (compare the change from duis to bis).

Noun[edit]

bellum n ‎(genitive bellī); second declension

  1. war
    • Flavius Vegetius
      Sī vīs pācem parā bellum.
      If you want peace, prepare for war.
    Si omnes opinionibus pugnent non sit bella.
    If everyone fought for their own convictions there would be no war.
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bellum bella
genitive bellī bellōrum
dative bellō bellīs
accusative bellum bella
ablative bellō bellīs
vocative bellum bella
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflection of bellus ‎(pretty).

Adjective[edit]

bellum

  1. nominative neuter singular of bellus
  2. accusative masculine singular of bellus
  3. accusative neuter singular of bellus
  4. vocative neuter singular of bellus

References[edit]

  • bellum” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • bellum” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
    • (ambiguous) to threaten war, carnage: denuntiare bellum, caedem (Sest. 20. 46)
    • (ambiguous) a religious war: bellum pro religionibus susceptum
    • (ambiguous) men exempt from service owing to age: qui per aetatem arma ferre non possunt or aetate ad bellum inutiles
    • (ambiguous) to charge some one with the conduct of a war: praeficere aliquem bello gerendo
    • (ambiguous) the command-in-chief: summa belli, imperii (B. G. 2. 4. 7)
    • (ambiguous) to make preparations for war: bellum parare
    • (ambiguous) preparations for war; war-material: apparatus (rare in plur.) belli
    • (ambiguous) to make formal declaration of war: bellum indīcere, denuntiare
    • (ambiguous) a regular, formal war: bellum iustum (pium)
    • (ambiguous) a civil war: bellum intestinum, domesticum (opp. bellum externum)
    • (ambiguous) to cause a war: bellum facere, movere, excitare
    • (ambiguous) to kindle a war: bellum conflare (Fam. 5. 2. 8)
    • (ambiguous) to meditate war: bellum moliri
    • (ambiguous) to commence hostilities: bellum incipere, belli initium facere (B. G. 7. 1. 5)
    • (ambiguous) to interfere in a war: bello se interponere (Liv. 35. 48)
    • (ambiguous) to be involved in a war: bello implicari
    • (ambiguous) to begin a war with some one: bellum cum aliquo inire
    • (ambiguous) a war is imminent: bellum impendet, imminet, instat
    • (ambiguous) war breaks out: bellum oritur, exardescit
    • (ambiguous) everywhere the torch of war is flaming: omnia bello flagrant or ardent (Fam. 4. 1. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to make war on a person: bellum gerere cum aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to wage war in conjunction with some one: bellum coniungere (Imp. Pomp. 9. 26)
    • (ambiguous) to protract, prolong a war: bellum ducere, trahere, extrahere
    • (ambiguous) to carry on a war energetically: omni studio in (ad) bellum incumbere
    • (ambiguous) to invade: bellum inferre alicui (Att. 9. 1. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to be the aggressor in a war; to act on the offensive: bellum or arma ultro inferre
    • (ambiguous) to act on the defensive: bellum (inlatum) defendere
    • (ambiguous) to go to war, commence a campaign: proficisci ad bellum, in expeditionem (Sall. Iug. 103)
    • (ambiguous) to send to the war: mittere ad bellum
    • (ambiguous) to have the control of the war: bellum administrare
    • (ambiguous) to harass with war: bello persequi aliquem, lacessere
    • (ambiguous) to put an end to war: belli finem facere, bellum finire
    • (ambiguous) to terminate a war (by force of arms and defeat of one's opponents): bellum conficere, perficere
    • (ambiguous) to terminate a war (by a treaty, etc.: bellum componere (Fam. 10. 33)
    • (ambiguous) to transfer the seat of war elsewhere: bellum transferre alio, in...
    • (ambiguous) the seat of war, theatre of operations: belli sedes (Liv. 4. 31)
    • (ambiguous) to change one's tactics: rationem belli gerendi mutare (Liv. 32. 31)
    • (ambiguous) to triumph over some one: triumphare de aliquo (ex bellis)