below

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Below and bellow

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bilooghe, equivalent to be- +‎ low. Compare also earlier Middle English alogh, alow, aloȝ, alowe (below) and benethen (beneath).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɪˈləʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /bəˈloʊ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧low
  • Rhymes: -əʊ

Preposition[edit]

below

A square below a circle
  1. Lower in spatial position than.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    The treasure is buried two meters below the surface.
  2. (law) Within the writing of a given document which follows a particular appearance of the word "below".
    "By their execution hereof, the Parties incur a legal obligation to pass consideration under this Loan Contract as is set forth below."
  3. Lower in value, price, rank or concentration than.
    • 1705 (revised 1718), Joseph Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy
      one degree below kings
    • 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, “Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance”, in American Scientist:
      Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
    The temperature is below zero.
  4. Downstream of.
  5. South of.
  6. Unsuitable to the rank or dignity of; beneath.
    Such petty behavior is below me.
  7. (stage directions) Downstage of.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

below (not comparable)

  1. In a lower place.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  2. On a lower storey.
  3. Further down.
  4. (nautical) On a lower deck.
    the landlubbers lying down below
  5. (of a temperature) Below zero.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pages starting with “below”.

References[edit]

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Anagrams[edit]