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- Lower in spatial position than.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
- The treasure is buried two meters below the surface.
- The marmalade is on the shelf below the bread.
- Lower than in value, price, rank, concentration, etc.
- 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 1051505315:
- one degree below kings
- 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, “Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance”, in American Scientist:
- Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
- The temperature is below zero.
- Liverpool are below Manchester City in the Premier League.
- Downstream of.
- The River Thames is tidal below Teddington Lock.
- South of.
- Sudan is below Egypt.
- Unsuitable to the rank or dignity of; beneath.
- 1670, John Milton, “(please specify the page)”, in The History of Britain, that Part Especially now Call’d England. […] , London: […] J[ohn] M[acock] for James Allestry, […] , OCLC 946735472:
- They beheld, with a just loathing and disdain, […] how below all history the persons and their actions were.
- 1827, Henry Hallam, The Constitutional History of England
- who thinks no fact below his regard
- Such petty behavior is below me.
- (stage directions) Downstage of.
- (lower in spatial position than): beneath, under, underneath
- (lower in value than): under
- (downstream of): downstream
- (unsuitable to the rank or dignity of): beneath
lower in spatial position than
lower in value than
unsuitable to the rank or dignity of
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
below (not comparable)
- In or to a lower place.
- The town is situated on a hillside, with a river running below.
- He was pulled below by a sea monster.
- 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175:
- But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ […] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, […].
- Later in the same text.
- This point is explained below.
- By their execution hereof, the Parties incur a legal obligation to pass consideration under this Loan Contract as is set forth below.
- (of a temperature) Below zero.
- It was forty degrees below.
- (in a lower place): beneath, under, underneath
- (on a lower storey): downstairs
- (farther down): downwards
in a lower place
on a lower storey
nautical: on a lower deck
of a temperature: below zero
- Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8