bene

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See also: Bene and bene-

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bene, Greek, from Old English bēn (prayer, request, petition, favour, compulsory service), from Proto-Germanic *bōniz (supplication), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- (to say, speak). Cognate with Danish bøn (prayer), Swedish bön (prayer), Icelandic bæn (prayer), Icelandic bón (request). Related to ban. See also boon, bee.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bene (plural benes)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) A prayer, especially to God; a petition; a boon.
    • Wordsworth
      What is good for a bootless bene?
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bene (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of benne (sesame)

Etymology 3[edit]

UK C16. Probably from Latin bene or Italian bene.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bene (comparative benar, superlative benat)

  1. (obsolete, Britain, thieves' cant) Good. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1828, Bulwer-Lytton, Edward, Pelham: or The Adventures of a Gentleman[1], page 383:
      Egad, you carry a bene blink aloft. Come to the ken alone—no! my blowen; did not I tell you I should bring a pater cove, to chop up the whiners for Dawson?
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bene (plural benes)

  1. (obsolete, Britain, thieves' cant) Tongue. [16th-18th c.]
    Stowe your bene!

References[edit]

  • [Francis Grose] (1788), “Bene”, in A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 2nd corrected and enlarged edition, London: Printed for S. Hooper, [], OCLC 3138643.
  • “bene” in Albert Barrère and Charles G[odfrey] Leland, compilers and editors, A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant, volume I (A–K), Edinburgh: The Ballantyne Press, 1889–1890, page 107.
  • Farmer, John Stephen (1890) Slang and Its Analogues[2], volume 1, pages 178–179
  • Eric Partridge, The Routledge Dictionary of Historical Slang. Routledge, 1973. →ISBN.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

bene

  1. plural of been

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːnə

Verb[edit]

bene

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of benen

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian bene.

Adverb[edit]

bene

  1. Synonym of bien

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Northern Italy) IPA(key): /ˈbene/, [ˈbeː.ne]
  • (standard, central Italy, Southern Italy) IPA(key): /ˈbɛne/, [ˈbɛː.ne]
  • (file)
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Particularly: "standard, central Italy, Southern Italy"

Adjective[edit]

bene (invariable)

  1. upper-class, posh, high
    Parioli è il quartiere bene di Roma per eccellenza.
    Parioli is the posh Rome neighborhood par excellence.

Adverb[edit]

bene (comparative: meglio; superlative: benissimo)

  1. well, nicely, OK, right
    Antonym: male
    Non è necessario spendere una fortuna per mangiare bene.
    You don’t need to spend a fortune to eat well.
  2. properly, correctly, rightly
    Synonym: correttamente
    Antonyms: erratamente, erroneamente
    La mia lavatrice non funziona bene, qualcuno mi può aiutare?
    My washing machine isn't working properly, can anybody help me?
  3. thoroughly, carefully
    Synonyms: attentamente, minuziosamente
    Leggere bene le istruzioni prima dell'uso.
    Read the instructions carefully before use.
  4. as much as, as many as
    Synonym: valore di
    Gli agricoltori della Luisiana hanno subito una perdita di ben 450 milioni di dollari a causa dell'uragano Gustav.
    Louisiana farmers face lost income of as much as $450 million because of Hurricane Gustav.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bene!

  1. good!; fine!
    Bene! Sono proprio felice che hai avuto delle buone notizie!
    Good! I’m so glad you got some good news!

Noun[edit]

bene m (plural beni)

  1. good
    Antonym: male
    L'eterna lotta tra il bene e il male.
    The eternal struggle between good and evil.
  2. (chiefly in the plural) goods, property, possessions, belongings, assets
    Synonyms: proprietà, possedimenti
    Dopo il suo secondo infarto, Mario vendette tutti i suoi beni ed andò in Nepal.
    Following his second heart attack, Mario had sold all his property and left for Nepal.
  3. sake, good
    Antonym: male
    Lo faccio per il tuo bene!
    I'm doing this for your sake!
  4. happiness
    Synonym: felicità
    Antonym: tristezza
    Auguro ogni bene a te e alla tua famiglia.
    Wish you and your family every happiness.
  5. sweetheart, darling, love, bless someone's cotton socks
    Synonyms: amore, tesoro, amato
    Sei il mio bene!You are my sweetheart!
  6. asset

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin *duenēd, from duenos (good), which gave bonus. More at English bonus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bene (comparative melius, superlative optimē)

  1. well
    Tibi bene ex animo volo.
    I wish you well with all my heart.
  2. properly, exactly
  3. agreeably, favorably

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • bene in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bene in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bene in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • bene in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • so-and-so is in a very satisfactory position; prospers: agitur praeclare, bene cum aliquo
    • the matter progresses favourably, succeeds: aliquid (bene, prospere) succedit or procedit (opp. parum procedere, non succedere)
    • for a life of perfect happiness: ad bene beateque vivendum
    • to deserve well at some one's hands; to do a service to..: bene, praeclare (melius, optime) mereri de aliquo
    • I wish you all success in the matter: bene id tibi vertat!
    • you were right in...; you did right to..: recte, bene fecisti quod...
    • to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • a good Latin scholar: bene latine doctus or sciens
    • to receive a liberal education: liberaliter, ingenue, bene educari
    • he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • to cross-examine cleverly, put leading questions: bene interrogare
    • that Greek proverb contains an excellent lesson: bene illo Graecorum proverbio praecipitur
    • to hope well of a person: bene, optime (meliora) sperare de aliquo (Nep. Milt. 1. 1)
    • a good conscience: conscientia recta, recte facti (factorum), virtutis, bene actae vitae, rectae voluntatis
    • a good conscience: mens bene sibi conscia
    • a moral (immoral) man: homo bene (male) moratus
    • a sound and sensible system of conduct: vitae ratio bene ac sapienter instituta
    • with the help of the gods: dis bene iuvantibus (Fam. 7. 20. 2)
    • and may God grant success: quod deus bene vertat!
    • to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • your health: bene tibi or te!
    • to entertain, regale a person: accipere aliquem (bene, copiose, laute, eleganter, regio apparatu, apparatis epulis)
    • a safe journey to you: bene ambula et redambula
    • good men of business: negotii bene gerentes (Quint. 19. 62)
    • to buy cheaply: parvo, vili pretio or bene emere
    • to have the good of the state at heart: bene, optime sentire de re publica
    • a success; a glorious feat of arms: res bene gesta
    • to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)
  • bene in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[4]
  • bene in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Middle Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

bêne

  1. inflection of bêen:
    1. dative singular
    2. nominative, accusative, and genitive plural