benign

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French benigne, from Latin benignus (kind, good), from bonus (good) + genus (origin, kind). Compare malign.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

benign (comparative benigner or more benign, superlative benignest or most benign)

  1. Kind; gentle; mild.
    • 1826, Mary Shelley, The Last Man, part 1, chapter 9
      But though e both entertained these ideas, we differed in their application. I reprobated Raymond's conduct in severe terms. Adrian was more benign, more considerate.
  2. (of a climate or environment) mild and favorable
  3. not harmful to the environment: [in combination] an ozone-benign refrigerant.
  4. (medicine) Not posing any serious threat to health; not particularly aggressive or recurrent.

Synonyms[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.