bereave

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bereven, from Old English berēafian (to bereave, deprive of, take away, seize, rob, despoil) and Old English berēofan (to bereave, deprive, rob of); both equivalent to be- +‎ reave. Cognate with Dutch beroven (to rob, deprive, bereave), German berauben (to deprive, rob, bereave), Danish berove (to deprive of), Norwegian berove (to deprive), Swedish beröva (to rob).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bereave (third-person singular simple present bereaves, present participle bereaving, simple past and past participle bereaved or bereft)

  1. (transitive) To deprive by or as if by violence; rob; strip.
  2. (transitive) To take away by destroying, impairing, or spoiling; take away by violence.
  3. (transitive) To deprive of power; prevent.
  4. (transitive) To take away someone or something important or close; deprive.
    Death bereaved him of his wife.
    The castaways were bereft of hope.
  5. (intransitive, rare) To destroy life; cut off.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]