betulla

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Italian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin betulla, diminutive of Gaulish *betua, from Proto-Celtic *betwiyos, *betuyā (birch), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷet-.

Compare Portuguese bétula, Spanish abedul, Catalan bedoll, French bouleau.

Noun[edit]

betulla f (plural betulle)

  1. birch

Further reading[edit]

  • betulla in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish *bitu, from Proto-Celtic *betwiyos, *betuyā, *betu, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷetu-yo-s, *gʷetw-iyo-s, from *gʷet-.[1][2]

Compare Welsh bedwen. See also Latin bitūmen (tar), which was instead borrowed through another Italic language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

betulla f (genitive betullae); first declension

  1. birch tree.

Notes[edit]

  • The form betula as meaning "birch tree" appears to have been discarded from antique lexicography altogether since the 20th century, as it does not appear in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, nor in the Oxford Latin Dictionary. However, betula was common in early New Latin.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative betulla betullae
Genitive betullae betullārum
Dative betullae betullīs
Accusative betullam betullās
Ablative betullā betullīs
Vocative betulla betullae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 64
  2. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 326