binden

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See also: Binden

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch binden, from Old Dutch *bindan, from Proto-Germanic *bindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɪndə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bin‧ding
  • Rhymes: -ɪndən

Verb[edit]

binden

  1. (transitive) to tie
  2. (transitive) to wrap
  3. (transitive) to bind (generally, legally/contractually, of food)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of binden (strong class 3)
infinitive binden
past singular bond
past participle gebonden
infinitive binden
gerund binden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular bind bond
2nd person sing. (jij) bindt bond
2nd person sing. (u) bindt bond
2nd person sing. (gij) bindt bondt
3rd person singular bindt bond
plural binden bonden
subjunctive sing.1 binde bonde
subjunctive plur.1 binden bonden
imperative sing. bind
imperative plur.1 bindt
participles bindend gebonden
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German binden, from Old High German bintan, from Proto-Germanic *bindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ-. Cognate with Low German binnen, Dutch binden, English bind, Danish binde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

binden (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present bindet, past tense band, past participle gebunden, past subjunctive bände, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to tie up; to fasten; to bind together
    ein Buch binden — “to bind a book”
  2. (transitive) to knot
  3. (intransitive) to congeal; to thicken; to set; to bond
  4. (reflexive) to become involved; to commit (oneself)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *bindan, from Proto-Germanic *bindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ-.

Verb[edit]

binden

  1. to bind, to tie
  2. to tie up
  3. to bind (to an obligation)

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive binden
3rd sg. past bant
3rd pl. past bonden
Past participle gebonden
Infinitive binden
In genitive bindens
In dative bindene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular binde bant
2nd singular bints, bindes bonts, bondes
3rd singular bint, bindet bant
1st plural binden bonden
2nd plural bint, bindet bont, bondet
3rd plural binden bonden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular binde bonde
2nd singular bints, bindes bondes
3rd singular binde bonde
1st plural binden bonden
2nd plural bint, bindet bondet
3rd plural binden bonden
Imperative Present
Singular bint, binde
Plural bint, bindet
Present Past
Participle bindende gebonden

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: binden
  • Limburgish: binje

Further reading[edit]

  • binden (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • binden (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English bindan, from Proto-Germanic *bindaną; equivalent to bynde +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbiːndən/, /ˈbindən/

Verb[edit]

binden

  1. To secure or strengthen by various means:
    1. To bind, fasten; to make a knot or fastening or secure by making one.
      1. (figuratively, rare) To end or finish; to wrap up (compare Modern English wrap up for semantics)
    2. To connect, join, secure, especially by binding:
      1. (figuratively) To metaphorically connect; to mix or unify.
    3. To strengthen; to make secure and strong.
      1. (figuratively) To remember; to keep one's mental connection secure.
      2. (figuratively) To strengthen or provide proof for an argument.
  2. To take away one's agency and free will by various means; to enthrall:
    1. To restrain a captive; to jail.
    2. To enslave, subordinate, or force.
    3. To enrapture or captivate.
    4. To obligate or oblige; to have one forced to do something via societal pressure.
    5. (rare) To take into apprenticeship or training.
  3. To enter into a socially binding obligation, agreement or compact.
    1. To enter into a marital relationship; to marry:
    2. (rare, Late Middle English) To copulate; to have sex.
  4. To have the force of a socially binding obligation, agreement or compact
  5. To force or compel; to make someone perform an action:
    1. To force into a socially binding obligation, agreement or compact.
    2. To mete out or proscribe penalties.
  6. To decorate or adorn; to add ornaments on.
  7. To induce constipation
  8. To enclose or surround; to fold as to completely conceal.
  9. (rare) To cohere; to enjoin with itself.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This verb inherited a system of alternations between the past singular stem vowel (/ɔː/ or /a/ in Middle English) and the past plural and participle stem vowel (/uː/ in Middle English) from Old English and ultimately Proto-Germanic. In the later Middle English period, these tended to be levelled out to one of the vowels; which vowel was chosen depended on dialect. In the end, the variant with /uː/ won out and survives in bound, the Modern English past tense, though the quality of the vowel has changed to /aʊ/.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German bintan, from Proto-Germanic *bindaną. Cognate with Dutch binden and English bind.

Verb[edit]

binden

  1. to bind

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon bindan (to bind), from Proto-Germanic *bindaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (originally) IPA(key): /bɪndən/

Verb[edit]

binden

  1. to bind

Conjugation[edit]