bivouac

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bivouac (earlier biouac, bivac), from Alemannic German Biiwacht (reinforcements of guard or town watch), from bii- + Wacht (watch, guard).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɪv.u.æk/, /ˈbɪv.wæk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æk

Noun[edit]

bivouac (plural bivouacs)

  1. An encampment for the night, usually without tents or covering.
  2. Any temporary encampment.
  3. A temporary shelter constructed generally for a few nights.
    • 2005, Boston Globe, September 23, 2005
      The outing begins by Thursday noon, when the recreational vehicles start rumbling into town and their owners set up bivouacs.
  4. (dated) The watch of a whole army by night, when in danger of surprise or attack.
  5. (zoology) A structure formed by migratory ants out of their own bodies to protect the queen and larvae.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bivouac (third-person singular simple present bivouacs or bivouacks, present participle bivouacing or bivouacking, simple past and past participle bivouacked)

  1. To set up camp.
    We'll bivouac here tonight.
  2. To watch at night or be on guard, as a whole army.
  3. To encamp for the night without tents or covering.

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier bivoie, biouac, bivac, from Alemannic German Biiwacht (a patrol of citizens added - in time of alarm or commotion - to the regular town watch), from bii- (by-) + Wacht (watch, guard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bivouac m (plural bivouacs)

  1. bivouac (encampment for the night)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]