bivouac (plural bivouacs)
- An encampment for the night, usually without tents or covering.
- Any temporary encampment.
- A temporary shelter constructed generally for a few nights.
- September 23, 2005, Boston Globe:
- The outing begins by Thursday noon, when the recreational vehicles start rumbling into town and their owners set up bivouacs.
- (dated) The watch of a whole army by night, when in danger of surprise or attack.
- (zoology) A structure formed by migratory ants out of their own bodies to protect the queen and larvae.
- To set up camp.
- We'll bivouac here tonight.
- 1951, C. S. Lewis, Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia:
- They reached the fir wood which had caused them so much trouble while it was still daylight, and bivouacked in a hollow just above it. It was tedious gathering the fire wood; […]
- To watch at night or be on guard, as a whole army.
- To encamp for the night without tents or covering.
From earlier bivoie, biouac, bivac, from Alemannic German Biiwacht (“a patrol of citizens added - in time of alarm or commotion - to the regular town watch”), from bii- (“by-”) + Wacht (“watch, guard”).
bivouac m (plural bivouacs)
- bivouac (encampment for the night)
- → Bulgarian: бивак (bivak)
- → Czech: bivak
- → Danish: bivuak
- → Dutch: bivak
- → English: bivouac, bivouack; biouac, bivoac, bihovac; bivy, bivvy
- → German: Biwak
- → Galician: bivaque
- → Hungarian: bivak
- → Italian: bivacco
- → Japanese: ビバーク (bibāku)
- → Macedonian: бивак (bivak)
- → Polish: biwak
- → Portuguese: bivaque
- → Russian: бивак (bivak), бивуак (bivuak)
- → Slovak: bivak
- → Slovene: bivak
- → Spanish: vivac, vivaque
- → Swedish: bivack