bolt

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Bolt, Bôłt, bòlt, and bolț

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
a fastening bolt with nut
a door bolt
bolts of fabric
(carrier) bolt of a M16 rifle

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɒlt/, /bəʊlt/, /bɔʊlt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /boʊlt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊlt, -ɒlt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bolt, from Old English bolt, from Proto-Germanic *bultaz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeld- (to knock, strike). Compare Lithuanian beldu (I knock), baldas (pole for striking).[1] Akin to Dutch and West Frisian bout, German Bolz or Bolzen, Danish bolt, Swedish bult, Icelandic bolti.

Noun[edit]

bolt (plural bolts)

  1. A (usually) metal fastener consisting of a cylindrical body that is threaded, with a larger head on one end. It can be inserted into an unthreaded hole up to the head, with a nut then threaded on the other end; a heavy machine screw.
  2. A sliding pin or bar in a lock or latch mechanism.
  3. A bar of wood or metal dropped in horizontal hooks on a door and adjoining wall or between the two sides of a double door, to prevent the door(s) from being forced open.
  4. (military, mechanical engineering) A sliding mechanism to chamber and unchamber a cartridge in a firearm.
  5. A small personal-armour-piercing missile for short-range use, or (in common usage though deprecated by experts) a short arrow, intended to be shot from a crossbow or a catapult.
  6. A lightning spark, i.e., a lightning bolt.
  7. A sudden event, action or emotion.
    The problem's solution struck him like a bolt from the blue.
    • 1994, Stephen Fry, The Hippopotamus Chapter 2
      With a bolt of fright he remembered that there was no bathroom in the Hobhouse Room. He leapt along the corridor in a panic, stopping by the long-case clock at the end where he flattened himself against the wall.
  8. A large roll of fabric or similar material, as a bolt of cloth.
    1. (nautical) The standard linear measurement of canvas for use at sea: 39 yards.
  9. A sudden spring or start; a sudden leap aside.
    The horse made a bolt.
  10. A sudden flight, as to escape creditors.
    • (Can we date this quote by Compton Reade and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      This gentleman was so hopelessly involved that he contemplated a bolt to America — or anywhere.
  11. (US, politics) A refusal to support a nomination made by the party with which one has been connected; a breaking away from one's party.
  12. An iron to fasten the legs of a prisoner; a shackle; a fetter.
  13. A burst of speed or efficiency.
    • 2018 June 17, Barney Ronay, “Mexico’s Hirving Lozano stuns world champions Germany for brilliant win”, in Katharine Viner, editor, The Guardian[3], London: Guardian News & Media, ISSN 0261-3077, OCLC 229952407, archived from the original on 5 August 2019:
      In the event they lacked a proper midfield bolt, with Toni Kroos and Sami Khedira huffing around in pursuit of the whizzing green machine. The centre-backs looked flustered, left to deal with three on two as Mexico broke. Löw’s 4-2-3-1 seemed antiquated and creaky, with the old World Cup shark Thomas Müller flat-footed in a wide position.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

bolt (third-person singular simple present bolts, present participle bolting, simple past and past participle bolted)

  1. To connect or assemble pieces using a bolt.
    Bolt the vice to the bench.
  2. To secure a door by locking or barring it.
    Bolt the door.
  3. (intransitive) To flee, to depart, to accelerate suddenly.
    Seeing the snake, the horse bolted.
    The actor forgot his line and bolted from the stage.
    • (Can we date this quote by Drayton and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      This Puck seems but a dreaming dolt, [] / And oft out of a bush doth bolt.
  4. (transitive) To cause to start or spring forth; to dislodge (an animal being hunted).
    to bolt a rabbit
  5. To strike or fall suddenly like a bolt.
  6. (intransitive) To escape.
  7. (intransitive, botany) Of a plant, to grow quickly; to go to seed.
    Lettuce and spinach will bolt as the weather warms up.
    • 1995, Anne Raver, “Gandhi Gardening”, in Deep in the Green: An Exploration of Country Pleasures, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN:
      To be honest, this hasn't been my Garden of Eden year. [] The lettuce turned bitter and bolted. The Green Comet broccoli was good, but my coveted Romanescos never headed up.
  8. To swallow food without chewing it.
  9. To drink one's drink very quickly; to down a drink.
    Come on, everyone, bolt your drinks; I want to go to the next pub!
  10. (US, politics) To refuse to support a nomination made by a party or caucus with which one has been connected; to break away from a party.
  11. To utter precipitately; to blurt or throw out.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

bolt (not comparable)

  1. Suddenly; straight; unbendingly.
    The soldiers stood bolt upright for inspection.
    • (Can we date this quote by Thackeray and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      [He] came bolt up against the heavy dragoon.

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bulten, from Anglo-Norman buleter, Old French bulter (modern French bluter), from a Germanic source originally meaning "bag, pouch" cognate with Middle High German biuteln (to sift), from Proto-Germanic *buzdô (beetle, grub, swelling), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰūs- (to move quickly). Cognate with Dutch buidel.

Verb[edit]

bolt (third-person singular simple present bolts, present participle bolting, simple past and past participle bolted)

  1. To sift, especially through a cloth.
  2. To sift the bran and germ from wheat flour.
    Graham flour is unbolted flour.
  3. To separate, assort, refine, or purify by other means.
  4. (law) To discuss or argue privately, and for practice, as cases at law.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jacob to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolt (plural bolts)

  1. A sieve, especially a long fine sieve used in milling for bolting flour and meal; a bolter.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Low German bolt

Noun[edit]

bolt c (singular definite bolten, plural indefinite bolte)

  1. a bolt (threaded)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bolt (imperative bolt, present tense bolter, passive boltes, simple past and past participle bolta or boltet, present participle boltende)

  1. imperative of bolte

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian volta (vault).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolt (plural boltok)

  1. shop, store (especially applied to relatively small shops in the countryside)
    Synonyms: üzlet, áruház, kereskedés, árus
  2. vault
    Synonyms: boltozat, boltív, bolthajtás

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bolt boltok
accusative boltot boltokat
dative boltnak boltoknak
instrumental bolttal boltokkal
causal-final boltért boltokért
translative bolttá boltokká
terminative boltig boltokig
essive-formal boltként boltokként
essive-modal
inessive boltban boltokban
superessive bolton boltokon
adessive boltnál boltoknál
illative boltba boltokba
sublative boltra boltokra
allative bolthoz boltokhoz
elative boltból boltokból
delative boltról boltokról
ablative bolttól boltoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bolté boltoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
boltéi boltokéi
Possessive forms of bolt
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. boltom boltjaim
2nd person sing. boltod boltjaid
3rd person sing. boltja boltjai
1st person plural boltunk boltjaink
2nd person plural boltotok boltjaitok
3rd person plural boltjuk boltjaik

Hyponyms[edit]

See also the compound words containing -bolt with the sense of a shop [store] below.

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words with a meaning unrelated to shops [stores]
Compound words with the sense of a shop [store]

(Note: Most compounds with üzlet as an affix in the sense of ’shop, store’ can be expressed with bolt.)


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Low German bolt

Noun[edit]

bolt m (definite singular bolten, indefinite plural bolter, definite plural boltene)

  1. a bolt (threaded)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bolt

  1. imperative of bolte

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Norwegian boltr, from Middle Low German bolte.

Noun[edit]

bolt m (definite singular bolten, indefinite plural boltar, definite plural boltane)

  1. a bolt (threaded)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bultaz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeld- (to knock, strike). Compare Lithuanian beldu (I knock), baldas (pole for striking).[1] Akin to Dutch bout, German Bolz or Bolzen, Danish bolt, Icelandic bolti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bolt m

  1. bolt

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: bolt

References[edit]