bom

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: BOM, BoM, bôm, bờm, and bơm

Abinomn[edit]

Noun[edit]

bom

  1. earth

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bom, from French bombe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bom (plural bomme, diminutive bommetjie)

  1. bomb, explosive
  2. (figuratively) bombshell (something sensational, amazing or controversial)

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German bōm (tree), from Proto-Germanic *baumaz, *bagmaz, cf. German Baum and English beam.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈb̥ɔmˀ]

Noun[edit]

bom c (singular definite bommen, plural indefinite bomme)

  1. bar, tollbar
  2. barrier (rail)
  3. beam
  4. boom

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

bom” in Den Danske Ordbog


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɔm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bom
  • Rhymes: -ɔm

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French bombe, still attested as bombe in Early Modern Dutch.

Noun[edit]

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. bomb (explosive)
  2. (Surinam) gas cylinder (cylindrical vessel for compressed gas)
    Synonyms: gascylinder, gasfles
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bom
  • Indonesian: bom
  • West Frisian: bom

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of bomschuit.

Noun[edit]

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. (historical) flat-bottomed marine fishing vessel

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch bomme, bonne.

Noun[edit]

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. (archaic) bung, stopper (for barrels)
    Synonyms: spon, stop

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɔm]
  • Hyphenation: bom

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch bom, from French bombe, from Italian bomba, from Latin bombus (a boom).

Noun[edit]

bom (plural, first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. bomb, an explosive device used or intended as a weapon.

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch boom (tree, pole), from Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Noun[edit]

bom (plural, first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. boom, tree, pole.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Dutch slagboom (boom barrier, boom gate) or boom (beam, barrier). Compare to Dutch boomklok (A bell tolled during the opening (in the morning) or closing (in the evening) of a port, literally beam bell).

Noun[edit]

bom (plural, first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. boom barrier, boom gate
  2. (figuratively) harbor, harbour.
  3. (figuratively) customs.

Further reading[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German boum (German Baum), or East Central German, German Low German Boom.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bom m (diminutive bomk)

  1. tree
    • 2011 September 27, I. Neumannojc, "Sadowe bomy za derjeměśe luźa a natury", Nowy Casnik:
      Sadowe bomy w burskich gumnach a teke na dwórach su typiske za naš region.
      Fruit trees in farmers’ gardens and even in courtyards are typical for our region.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lower Sorbian vocabulary. In: Haspelmath, M. & Tadmor, U. (eds.) World Loanword Database. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Further reading[edit]

  • bom in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • bom in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German bom.

Noun[edit]

bom m (definite singular bommen, indefinite plural bommer, definite plural bommene)

  1. a boom (for a sail, crane, microphone etc.)
  2. a barrier (at a railway crossing etc.)
  3. a beam (in gymnastics: balance beam)
  4. a derrick (nautical, for loading/unloading cargo)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German bom.

Noun[edit]

bom m (definite singular bommen, indefinite plural bommar, definite plural bommane)

  1. a boom (as above)
  2. a barrier (as above)
  3. a beam (as above)
  4. a derrick (nautical, for loading/unloading cargo)

References[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Noun[edit]

bōm m

  1. tree

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bōm”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Noun[edit]

bōm m

  1. tree

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: bôm
    • German Low German: Boom
    • Plautdietsch: Boom
    • Danish: bom
    • Finnish: puomi
    • Gutnish: bom
    • Norwegian: bom
    • Swedish: bom

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese bõo, inherited from Latin bonus (good), from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere). Doublet of bónus, a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bom (feminine boa, masculine plural bons, feminine plural boas)

  1. good
    1. desirable, positive, advantageous
    2. (in reference to senses) pleasant, enjoyable, (of food) tasty
      Esta brisa é boa.
      This breeze is pleasant.
      Synonyms: agradável, aprazível
    3. (of a person) kind, generous, acting morally
      Synonyms: gentil, generoso
      Ele é um homem bom.
      He is a good man.
    4. (of quantity or time) sizeable, reasonable, significant
      Synonyms: razoável, significante
      uma boa parte
      a significant part

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:bom.

Antonyms[edit]

(all senses):

Interjection[edit]

bom

  1. well, very well

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:bom.

Derived terms[edit]

  • bom dia
  • For terms derived from the feminine inflection, boa, see this section in boa.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bọ̑m

  1. first-person singular future of bíti

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bom c

  1. barrier (rail)
  2. miss, failure to hit
  3. boom (sail)

Declension[edit]

Declension of bom 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bom bommen bommar bommarna
Genitive boms bommens bommars bommarnas

Synonyms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French bombe.

Noun[edit]

(classifier quả, trái) bom

  1. bomb

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French pomme; the phoneme /p/ is changed into /ɓ/ as it is not a native onset consonant.

Noun[edit]

(classifier quả) bom

  1. (dialectal) apple
Synonyms[edit]

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bone.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bom (nominative plural boms)

  1. bone

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • SARMENTO, Leila Lauar. Gramática em textos. 2nd edition. São Paulo, Brazil: Moderna, 2005.