bougie

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See also: Bougie

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French bougie (wax candle), after the Algerian city Bougie, and the tapered, hand-dipped candles it made.

Noun[edit]

bougie (plural bougies)

  1. (medicine) A tapered cylindrical instrument for introducing an object into a tubular anatomical structure, or to dilate such a structure, as with an esophageal bougie.
  2. A wax candle.

Etymology 2[edit]

From bourgeoisie; alternate spelling of bourgie.

Adjective[edit]

bougie (comparative bougier, superlative bougiest)

  1. (chiefly African American Vernacular, slang, usually pejorative) Acting as if one is of a higher social status than one is; suspicions regarding true roots and background are implied.
    • 2007, Satire pervades the series of fictional magazine covers , L. Kent Wolgamott, The Lincoln Journal Star, October 12, 2007, [1]:
      Called “bougie” when she was growing up, even though she’d never considered herself close to that, Ewing has turned the word around, using it as the title of a fictitious magazine she has dreamed up.
    • 2007, "Glamorous" by Fergie:
      I'll be on the movie screens
      Magazines and bougie scenes
      I'm not clean, I'm not pristine
      I'm no queen, I'm no machine
    • 2010, RuPaul's Drag Race, Season 2, Episode 1, Gone With the Window, airdate February 1, 2010:
      Shangela is kind of bougie, but she's also your homegirl.
    • 2010, "Sleazy" by Ke$ha:
      I don't need you or your brand new Benz
      Or your bougie friends
      I don't need love lookin' like diamonds
      Lookin' like diamonds
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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bougie, the French name for the Algerian town of Béjaïa (Arabic بجاي), formerly known for exporting candles.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bougie f (plural bougies)

  1. candle
  2. spark plug

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]