brí

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: bri

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bríg (force, power, value), from Proto-Celtic *brīgos (strength) (compare Welsh bri (fame, distinction)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷrih₂-g-, a suffixed extended form of *gʷréh₂us (heavy) (compare Latin gravis, Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú).

Noun[edit]

brí f (genitive singular brí, nominative plural bríonna)

  1. strength, vigor
  2. meaning, significance
  3. influence, merit
  4. (in negative and interrogative phrases) quantity
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish brí, from Proto-Celtic *brixs.

Noun[edit]

brí f (genitive singular brí, nominative plural bríonna)

  1. brae
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brí bhrí mbrí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "brí" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “brí” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “brí” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *brixs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brí f (genitive breg, nominative plural brig)

  1. hill

Inflection[edit]

Feminine g-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative brí brigL brig
Vocative brí brigL brega
Accusative brigN brigL brega
Genitive breg breg bregN
Dative brigL, brí bregaib bregaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
brí brí
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbrí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]