brón

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See also: bron, broń, bróń, and bròn

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish brón.

Noun[edit]

brón m (genitive singular bróin)

  1. sorrow
    brón ormI'm sorry
    (lit. "Sorrow is on me")
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

brón (present analytic brónann, future analytic brónfaidh, verbal noun brónadh, past participle brónta)

  1. (transitive) grieve
    (Proverb:)
    An ní nach bhfeiceann súil ní bhrónann croí.
    What the eye sees not the heart rues not.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

brón f sg

  1. (nonstandard) genitive singular of bró (quern; millstone; dense mass; stout heavily-built person)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brón bhrón mbrón
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "brón" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • brón” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “brón” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “brón” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brón m (genitive bróin, no plural)

  1. sorrow, grief, lamentation, distress, burden
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 5d25
      "brón caích bad brón dúibsi" glosses flete cum flentibus
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 16b8
      "ni far mbrón si ..." glosses contristati
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 129c6
      "in brón" glosses mestitudinem

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

  • brónach (sorrowful, grieving, sad)

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
brón brón
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbrón
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • brón” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §62