brad

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Brad, bråd, and bráð

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Late Middle English, variant of brod(d), from Old Norse broddr ‎(spike, shaft), from Proto-Germanic *bruzdaz (compare Old English brord, Old High German brort), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrusdʰos (compare Welsh brath ‎(sting, prick), Albanian bredh ‎(fir-tree), Lithuanian bruzdùklis ‎(bridle), Czech brzda ‎(brake).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brad ‎(plural brads)

  1. A thin, small nail, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head, or occasionally with a small domed head, similar to that of an escutcheon pin.
    • 1936, Djuna Barnes, Nightwood, Faber & Faber 2007, p. 5:
      Into the middle arch of each desk silver-headed brads had been hammered to form a lion, a bear, a ram, a dove, and in the midst a flaming torch.
  2. (US, elementary school usage, particularly kindergarten and primary grades) A paper fastener, a fastening device formed of thin, soft metal, such as shim brass, with a round head and a flat, split shank, which is spread after insertion in a hole in a stack of pages, in much the same way as a cotter pin or a split rivet.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

brad ‎(third-person singular simple present brads, present participle bradding, simple past and past participle bradded)

  1. (transitive) To attach using a brad.

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substrate cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way. Compare Megleno-Romanian and Daco-Romanian brad.

Noun[edit]

brad m ‎(plural bradz)

  1. fir tree

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish brat ‎(spoil, plunder, robbery).

Noun[edit]

brad f ‎(genitive singular braide)

  1. (literary) plunder
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

brad ‎(present analytic bradann, future analytic bradfaidh, verbal noun bradadh, past participle bradta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of bradaigh ‎(steal, pilfer; remove gently; steal away)
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brad bhrad mbrad
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "brad" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 brat” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Megleno-Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substrate cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way. Compare Aromanian and Daco-Romanian brad.

Noun[edit]

brad

  1. fir tree

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *braidaz. Compare Old Frisian brēd (West Frisian breed), Old Saxon brēd (Low German breed, breet), Dutch breed, Old High German breit (German breit), Old Norse breiðr (Danish and Swedish bred), Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 ‎(braiþs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

brād

  1. broad

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substratum cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way (a borrowing directly from (modern) Albanian would have presumably produced a form *brez). [1] Another theory suggests that it was reformed analogically from the plural brazi, and that the original form was *braz (reinterpreted as a plural, modeled on plurals such as coadă > cozi, pradă > prăzi, surd, > surzi). See also the Romanian alpine toponyms containing Breaza, which may correspond to the Albanian plural form bredha [2]. Compare also Aromanian brad.

Noun[edit]

brad m ‎(plural brazi)

  1. fir, Abies alba.
  2. pine tree.
  3. pine wood.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian Explanatory Dictionary
  2. ^ https://dexonline.ro/articol/Despre_leg%C4%83turile_rom%C3%A2nei_cu_albaneza

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

brad ‎(plural brads)

  1. arm

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brad m (uncountable)

  1. treason
  2. treachery

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
brad frad mrad unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.