brake

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Apparently a shortened form of bracken. (Compare chick, chicken.)

Noun[edit]

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A fern; bracken. [from 14th c.]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English bracu, first attested in plural form fearnbraca (thickets of fern), probably from Proto-Germanic *brekaną (to break) and influenced by sense 1 (fern). Compare Middle Low German brake (stump, branch).

Noun[edit]

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A thicket, or an area overgrown with briers etc. [from 15th c.]

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Late Middle English, from Middle Low German brake, Dutch braak, Old Dutch braeke; possibly related to sense 4.

Noun[edit]

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A tool used for breaking flax or hemp. [from 15th c.]
  2. A type of machine for bending sheet metal. (See wikipedia.)
  3. A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after ploughing; a drag.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

brake (third-person singular simple present brakes, present participle braking, simple past and past participle braked)

  1. (transitive) To bruise and crush; to knead
    The farmer's son brakes the flax while mother brakes the bread dough
  2. (transitive) To pulverise with a harrow
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Disk brake on a motorcycle.

Origin uncertain; possibly from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German brake (nose ring, curb, flax brake), which according to Watkins is related to sense 3 and from Proto-Germanic *brekaną (to break).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

brake (plural brakes)

  1. (military) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow and ballista.
    1. (obsolete) The winch of a crossbow. [14th-19th c.]
  2. (chiefly nautical) The handle of a pump.
    Synonym: swipe
  3. A device used to slow or stop the motion of a wheel, or of a vehicle, by friction; also, the controls or apparatus used to engage such a mechanism such as the pedal in a car. [from 18th c.]
    1. The act of braking, of using a brake to slow down a machine or vehicle
    2. (engineering) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam engine or other motor by weighing the amount of friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
    3. (figuratively) Something used to retard or stop some action, process etc.
  4. A baker's kneading trough.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  5. A device used to confine or prevent the motion of an animal.
    1. A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith is shoeing him.
    2. An enclosure to restrain cattle, horses, etc.
      • 1868, March 7, The Illustrated London News, number 1472, volume 52, “Law and Police”, page 223:
        He was shooting, and the field where the [cock-fighting] ring was verged on the shooting-brake where the rabbits were.
      • (Can we date this quote by J. Brende and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        A horse [] which Philip had bought [] and because of his fierceness kept him within a brake of iron bars.
    3. A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in horses.W
    4. A carriage for transporting shooting parties and their equipment.W
  6. That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or engine, which enables it to turn.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from brake
Descendants[edit]
  • Portuguese: breque

Verb[edit]

brake (third-person singular simple present brakes, present participle braking, simple past and past participle braked)

  1. (intransitive) To operate (a) brake(s).
  2. (intransitive) To be stopped or slowed (as if) by braking.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to operate brakes):
  • (to be stopped or slowed (as if) by braking): See also Thesaurus:stop
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 5[edit]

Origin uncertain.

Noun[edit]

brake (plural brakes)

  1. (obsolete) A cage. [16th-17th c.]
  2. (now historical) A type of torture instrument. [from 16th c.]
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 83:
      Methods of applying pain were many and ingenious, in particular the ways of twisting, stretching and manipulating the body out of shape, normally falling under the catch-all term of the rack, or the brakes.

Etymology 6[edit]

Inflected forms.

Verb[edit]

brake

  1. (archaic) simple past tense of break

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

brake

  1. (archaic) singular past subjunctive of breken
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of braken

Anagrams[edit]