brevis

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *breɣʷis, from Proto-Indo-European *mréǵʰus. Cognates include Ancient Greek βραχύς (brakhús), English merry, Sanskrit मुहु (muhu).

Adjective[edit]

brevis (neuter breve, comparative brevior, superlative brevissimus, adverb breviter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (of distance) short, small, little, narrow
  2. (of time) brief, short
  3. (of height or depth) short, low, shallow
  4. (phonology, of a syllable) short
Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative brevis breve brevēs brevia
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem breve brevēs
brevīs
brevia
Ablative brevī brevibus
Vocative brevis breve brevēs brevia
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Short for brevis liber.

Noun[edit]

brevis m (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. (Late Latin)
  2. short catalog, summary
    Synonym: breviārium
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs

Etymology 3[edit]

Short for brevis syllaba.

Noun[edit]

brevis f (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. dactyl
    Synonym: dactylus
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

brevis f (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. (orthography, printing) breve
  2. (music) breve (British), whole note (US)
    • d. 1369 CE, Simon Tunsted (attributed), Quattuor principalia musicae 256b, (as cited in "brevis", Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources):
      que quidem notule alique vocantur longe et alique breves
      Among these notes, some are called "longae" and others "breves".
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • brevis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • brevis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • brevis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • brevis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • for a short time: brevis or exigui temporis