broca

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since the 14th century (the derivative abrocamento since circa 1300). Ultimately from Latin broccus (having protruding teeth). Cognate with Portuguese broca, Spanish broca, Catalan broca, French broche. Doublet of broche, from French. Josep Coromines considered that the Spanish form, attested in Aragon since circa 1350, derived from Catalan (the inherited form would be *brueca)[1] but this proposal in superfluous for Galician or Portuguese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

broca f (plural brocas)

  1. (archaic) brooch
    Synonym: broche
  2. (archaic) stud (protruding knob)
    • c1350, Kelvin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto "Padre Sarmiento", page 296:.
      Despoys d'esto enbraçou hũ escudo blanco cõmo a neue, et todo orellado de rrubes et de esmeraldas fremosas et claras et de grã preçio mays a broca era de ouro fino et cõ aljofres et ourofreses et cõ pedras preçiosas.
  3. drill bit
  4. (molluscs) piddock (Pholas dactylus)
    Synonym: folada
  5. (molluscs) shipworm (Teredo navalis)
  6. woodworm
    Synonym: couza
  7. metallic protruding part used for guiding the key into the keyhole
    Synonym: espigo

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

broca

  1. feminine singular of broco

References[edit]

  • broca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • broca” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • broca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • broca” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • broca” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Catalan broca, from Latin broccus

Noun[edit]

broca f (plural brocas)

  1. drill
  2. bit, drill bit
  3. borer, auger

Verb[edit]

broca

  1. third-person singular present indicative of brocar
  2. second-person singular imperative of brocar

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Catalan broca.

Noun[edit]

broca f (plural brocas)

  1. drill bit