buồn

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See also: buon, buôn, and buon'

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“fed up; annoyed”; SV: phiền).[1]

Adjective[edit]

buồn (𢞂) (reduplicated form buồn buồn)

  1. sad
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly related to/cognate with muốn (to want).[2]

Verb[edit]

buồn

  1. (only in compounds, only in fixed expressions) to have strong need to do something
    buồn ngủto be sleepy (to need to sleep)
    buồn tiểu/đáito need to urinate/pee
    buồn cầu/ỉato need to defecate/poop
    buồn nôn/óito need to puke/vomit; to feel sick
    buồn cườito feel like a laugh coming because of something funny (to need to laugh at that something)
Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • mắc (Southern Vietnam)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vu Duc Nghieu (2010), “The Integration of Chinese Words Into the Vietnamese Language”, in 大阪大学世界言語研究センター論集, volume 4, pages 133–147.
  2. ^ Vũ Đức Nghiệu (2015), “Các biến đổi ngữ âm lịch sử với việc tạo từ tiếng Việt”, in Tạp chí Ngôn ngữ, volume 6, issue 313, pages 1–16