buka

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Javanese [Term?]

Noun[edit]

buka (plural bukas)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (music) The short introduction to a gamelan piece, generally played by a single instrument in a free rhythm, with the kendhang coming in on the last few notes to set the tempo.

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka (plural bukas)

  1. A kangaroo-skin cloak traditionally worn by the Noongar people of southwestern Australia.

Anagrams[edit]


Ese[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. book

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From buka (a wooden hammer)

Verb[edit]

buka

  1. to beat, to strike
    Bukaði hann meg við vongknúgvum bæði til høvur og føtur

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of buka (group v-30)
infinitive buka
supine bukað
participle (a6)1 bukandi bukaður
present past
first singular buki bukaði
second singular bukar bukaði
third singular bukar bukaði
plural buka bukaðu
imperative
singular buka!
plural bukið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. fire

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbuka/
  • Hyphenation: bu‧ka
  • Rhymes: -ka

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay buka, from Proto-Malayic *buka, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *buka (to open, uncover), *-kaq (open forcibly).

Verb[edit]

buka (base buka, imperative buka, active membuka, ordinary passive dibuka, adversative passive terbuka)

  1. to open:
    1. to begin conducting business
      Synonyms: berjualan, berkerja
  2. (colloquial) Informal form of membuka.
  3. (colloquial) Informal form of terbuka.

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of buka (meng-, transitive)
Root buka
Active Involuntary Passive Imperative Jussive
Active membuka terbuka dibuka buka bukalah
Locative membukai dibukai bukai bukailah
Causative / Applicative1 membukakan terbukakan dibukakan bukakan bukakanlah
Causative
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Note: Some of these forms do normally not exist or are seldom used in standard Indonesian. Some also change meaning.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See above. Semantic loan from Arabic [Term?].

Verb[edit]

buka (base buka, imperative buka, active berbuka)

  1. (Islam) to break the fast; to have iftar.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

buka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぶか

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. genitive singular of buk
  2. nominative dual of buk
  3. accusative dual of buk

Lozi[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. book
    Buka ye itula hahulu.This book is boring.

References[edit]

  • R. M. Mukuni, Silozi-English Phrase Book (1991)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *buka (compare Indonesian buka), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *buka (compare Tagalog buka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

buka (used in the form membuka)

  1. to open (to make something accessible)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. genitive singular of buk

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *buka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bûka/
  • Hyphenation: bu‧ka

Noun[edit]

bȕka f (Cyrillic spelling бу̏ка)

  1. noise (various sounds, usually unwanted)

Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka (Cyrillic spelling бука)

  1. genitive singular of buk

References[edit]

  • buka” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. genitive singular of buk

Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English book.

Noun[edit]

buka 9 or 10 (plural dibuka)

  1. book

Swazi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-búka

  1. to look at, to watch

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *buka. Compare Bikol Central buka, Cebuano buka, and Malay buka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: bu‧ka
  • IPA(key): /buˈka/, [bʊˈxa]

Adjective[edit]

buká

  1. open; unfolded; stretched out (as of flowers, mouths, wings, etc.)
    Synonyms: bukad, bukas, nganga, awang

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

buká

  1. condition of being unfolded (as of flowers, mouths, wings, etc.)
  2. act of unfolding (as of flowers, mouths, wings, etc.)

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay buka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

buka

  1. (intransitive) to open

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tsonga[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English book.

Noun[edit]

buka 5 (plural mabuka 6)

  1. book

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

buka

  1. genitive singular of buk

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-bûka

  1. (transitive) to admire

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-bûka

  1. (transitive) to look at, to watch
  2. (transitive) to admire

Inflection[edit]

Tone HH
Infinitive ukubuka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubuka ukungabuki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular buka -buke
Plural bukani -bukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabuka, ngibuka engibukayo, engibuka ngibuka angibuki engingabuki ngingabuki
2nd singular uyabuka, ubuka obukayo, obuka ubuka awubuki ongabuki ungabuki
1st plural siyabuka, sibuka esibukayo, esibuka sibuka asibuki esingabuki singabuki
2nd plural niyabuka, nibuka enibukayo, enibuka nibuka anibuki eningabuki ningabuki
Class 1 uyabuka, ubuka obukayo, obuka ebuka akabuki ongabuki engabuki
Class 2 bayabuka, babuka ababukayo, ababuka bebuka ababuki abangabuki bengabuki
Class 3 uyabuka, ubuka obukayo, obuka ubuka awubuki ongabuki ungabuki
Class 4 iyabuka, ibuka ebukayo, ebuka ibuka ayibuki engabuki ingabuki
Class 5 liyabuka, libuka elibukayo, elibuka libuka alibuki elingabuki lingabuki
Class 6 ayabuka, abuka abukayo, abuka ebuka awabuki angabuki engabuki
Class 7 siyabuka, sibuka esibukayo, esibuka sibuka asibuki esingabuki singabuki
Class 8 ziyabuka, zibuka ezibukayo, ezibuka zibuka azibuki ezingabuki zingabuki
Class 9 iyabuka, ibuka ebukayo, ebuka ibuka ayibuki engabuki ingabuki
Class 10 ziyabuka, zibuka ezibukayo, ezibuka zibuka azibuki ezingabuki zingabuki
Class 11 luyabuka, lubuka olubukayo, olubuka lubuka alubuki olungabuki lungabuki
Class 14 buyabuka, bubuka obubukayo, obubuka bubuka abubuki obungabuki bungabuki
Class 15 kuyabuka, kubuka okubukayo, okubuka kubuka akubuki okungabuki kungabuki
Class 17 kuyabuka, kubuka okubukayo, okubuka kubuka akubuki okungabuki kungabuki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibukile, ngibukē engibukile, engibukē ngibukile, ngibukē angibukanga engingabukanga ngingabukanga
2nd singular ubukile, ubukē obukile, obukē ubukile, ubukē awubukanga ongabukanga ungabukanga
1st plural sibukile, sibukē esibukile, esibukē sibukile, sibukē asibukanga esingabukanga singabukanga
2nd plural nibukile, nibukē enibukile, enibukē nibukile, nibukē anibukanga eningabukanga ningabukanga
Class 1 ubukile, ubukē obukile, obukē ebukile, ebukē akabukanga ongabukanga engabukanga
Class 2 babukile, babukē ababukile, ababukē bebukile, bebukē ababukanga abangabukanga bengabukanga
Class 3 ubukile, ubukē obukile, obukē ubukile, ubukē awubukanga ongabukanga ungabukanga
Class 4 ibukile, ibukē ebukile, ebukē ibukile, ibukē ayibukanga engabukanga ingabukanga
Class 5 libukile, libukē elibukile, elibukē libukile, libukē alibukanga elingabukanga lingabukanga
Class 6 abukile, abukē abukile, abukē ebukile, ebukē awabukanga angabukanga engabukanga
Class 7 sibukile, sibukē esibukile, esibukē sibukile, sibukē asibukanga esingabukanga singabukanga
Class 8 zibukile, zibukē ezibukile, ezibukē zibukile, zibukē azibukanga ezingabukanga zingabukanga
Class 9 ibukile, ibukē ebukile, ebukē ibukile, ibukē ayibukanga engabukanga ingabukanga
Class 10 zibukile, zibukē ezibukile, ezibukē zibukile, zibukē azibukanga ezingabukanga zingabukanga
Class 11 lubukile, lubukē olubukile, olubukē lubukile, lubukē alubukanga olungabukanga lungabukanga
Class 14 bubukile, bubukē obubukile, obubukē bubukile, bubukē abubukanga obungabukanga bungabukanga
Class 15 kubukile, kubukē okubukile, okubukē kubukile, kubukē akubukanga okungabukanga kungabukanga
Class 17 kubukile, kubukē okubukile, okubukē kubukile, kubukē akubukanga okungabukanga kungabukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābuka engābuka ngābuka angibukanga engingabukanga ngingabukanga
2nd singular wābuka owābuka wābuka awubukanga ongabukanga ungabukanga
1st plural sābuka esābuka sābuka asibukanga esingabukanga singabukanga
2nd plural nābuka enābuka nābuka anibukanga eningabukanga ningabukanga
Class 1 wābuka owābuka ābuka akabukanga ongabukanga engabukanga
Class 2 bābuka abābuka bābuka ababukanga abangabukanga bengabukanga
Class 3 wābuka owābuka wābuka awubukanga ongabukanga ungabukanga
Class 4 yābuka eyābuka yābuka ayibukanga engabukanga ingabukanga
Class 5 lābuka elābuka lābuka alibukanga elingabukanga lingabukanga
Class 6 ābuka ābuka ābuka awabukanga angabukanga engabukanga
Class 7 sābuka esābuka sābuka asibukanga esingabukanga singabukanga
Class 8 zābuka ezābuka zābuka azibukanga ezingabukanga zingabukanga
Class 9 yābuka eyābuka yābuka ayibukanga engabukanga ingabukanga
Class 10 zābuka ezābuka zābuka azibukanga ezingabukanga zingabukanga
Class 11 lwābuka olwābuka lwābuka alubukanga olungabukanga lungabukanga
Class 14 bābuka obābuka bābuka abubukanga obungabukanga bungabukanga
Class 15 kwābuka okwābuka kwābuka akubukanga okungabukanga kungabukanga
Class 17 kwābuka okwābuka kwābuka akubukanga okungabukanga kungabukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabuka ngingabuka ngingebuke ngingebuke
2nd singular ungabuka ungabuka ungebuke ungebuke
1st plural singabuka singabuka singebuke singebuke
2nd plural ningabuka ningabuka ningebuke ningebuke
Class 1 angabuka engabuka angebuke engebuke
Class 2 bangabuka bengabuka bangebuke bengebuke
Class 3 ungabuka ungabuka ungebuke ungebuke
Class 4 ingabuka ingabuka ingebuke ingebuke
Class 5 lingabuka lingabuka lingebuke lingebuke
Class 6 angabuka engabuka angebuke engebuke
Class 7 singabuka singabuka singebuke singebuke
Class 8 zingabuka zingabuka zingebuke zingebuke
Class 9 ingabuka ingabuka ingebuke ingebuke
Class 10 zingabuka zingabuka zingebuke zingebuke
Class 11 lungabuka lungabuka lungebuke lungebuke
Class 14 bungabuka bungabuka bungebuke bungebuke
Class 15 kungabuka kungabuka kungebuke kungebuke
Class 17 kungabuka kungabuka kungebuke kungebuke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobuka engizobuka ngizobuka angizubuka engingezubuka ngingezubuka
2nd singular uzobuka ozobuka uzobuka awuzubuka ongezubuka ungezubuka
1st plural sizobuka esizobuka sizobuka asizubuka esingezubuka singezubuka
2nd plural nizobuka enizobuka nizobuka anizubuka eningezubuka ningezubuka
Class 1 uzobuka ozobuka ezobuka akazubuka ongezubuka engezubuka
Class 2 bazobuka abazobuka bezobuka abazubuka abangezubuka bengezubuka
Class 3 uzobuka ozobuka uzobuka awuzubuka ongezubuka ungezubuka
Class 4 izobuka ezobuka izobuka ayizubuka engezubuka ingezubuka
Class 5 lizobuka elizobuka lizobuka alizubuka elingezubuka lingezubuka
Class 6 azobuka azobuka ezobuka awazubuka angezubuka engezubuka
Class 7 sizobuka esizobuka sizobuka asizubuka esingezubuka singezubuka
Class 8 zizobuka ezizobuka zizobuka azizubuka ezingezubuka zingezubuka
Class 9 izobuka ezobuka izobuka ayizubuka engezubuka ingezubuka
Class 10 zizobuka ezizobuka zizobuka azizubuka ezingezubuka zingezubuka
Class 11 luzobuka oluzobuka luzobuka aluzubuka olungezubuka lungezubuka
Class 14 buzobuka obuzobuka buzobuka abuzubuka obungezubuka bungezubuka
Class 15 kuzobuka okuzobuka kuzobuka akuzubuka okungezubuka kungezubuka
Class 17 kuzobuka okuzobuka kuzobuka akuzubuka okungezubuka kungezubuka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobuka engiyobuka ngiyobuka angiyubuka engingeyubuka ngingeyubuka
2nd singular uyobuka oyobuka uyobuka awuyubuka ongeyubuka ungeyubuka
1st plural siyobuka esiyobuka siyobuka asiyubuka esingeyubuka singeyubuka
2nd plural niyobuka eniyobuka niyobuka aniyubuka eningeyubuka ningeyubuka
Class 1 uyobuka oyobuka eyobuka akayubuka ongeyubuka engeyubuka
Class 2 bayobuka abayobuka beyobuka abayubuka abangeyubuka bengeyubuka
Class 3 uyobuka oyobuka uyobuka awuyubuka ongeyubuka ungeyubuka
Class 4 iyobuka eyobuka iyobuka ayiyubuka engeyubuka ingeyubuka
Class 5 liyobuka eliyobuka liyobuka aliyubuka elingeyubuka lingeyubuka
Class 6 ayobuka ayobuka eyobuka awayubuka angeyubuka engeyubuka
Class 7 siyobuka esiyobuka siyobuka asiyubuka esingeyubuka singeyubuka
Class 8 ziyobuka eziyobuka ziyobuka aziyubuka ezingeyubuka zingeyubuka
Class 9 iyobuka eyobuka iyobuka ayiyubuka engeyubuka ingeyubuka
Class 10 ziyobuka eziyobuka ziyobuka aziyubuka ezingeyubuka zingeyubuka
Class 11 luyobuka oluyobuka luyobuka aluyubuka olungeyubuka lungeyubuka
Class 14 buyobuka obuyobuka buyobuka abuyubuka obungeyubuka bungeyubuka
Class 15 kuyobuka okuyobuka kuyobuka akuyubuka okungeyubuka kungeyubuka
Class 17 kuyobuka okuyobuka kuyobuka akuyubuka okungeyubuka kungeyubuka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibuke ngingabuki
2nd singular ubuke ungabuki
1st plural sibuke singabuki
2nd plural nibuke ningabuki
Class 1 abuke angabuki
Class 2 babuke bangabuki
Class 3 ubuke ungabuki
Class 4 ibuke ingabuki
Class 5 libuke lingabuki
Class 6 abuke angabuki
Class 7 sibuke singabuki
Class 8 zibuke zingabuki
Class 9 ibuke ingabuki
Class 10 zibuke zingabuki
Class 11 lubuke lungabuki
Class 14 bubuke bungabuki
Class 15 kubuke kungabuki
Class 17 kubuke kungabuki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabuka ngangabuka, angabuka, angangabuka
2nd singular wabuka wangabuka, awabuka, awangabuka
1st plural sabuka sangabuka, asabuka, asangabuka
2nd plural nabuka nangabuka, anabuka, anangabuka
Class 1 wabuka wangabuka, akabuka, akangabuka
Class 2 babuka bangabuka, ababuka, abangabuka
Class 3 wabuka wangabuka, awabuka, awangabuka
Class 4 yabuka yangabuka, ayabuka, ayangabuka
Class 5 labuka langabuka, alabuka, alangabuka
Class 6 abuka angabuka, awabuka, awangabuka
Class 7 sabuka sangabuka, asabuka, asangabuka
Class 8 zabuka zangabuka, azabuka, azangabuka
Class 9 yabuka yangabuka, ayabuka, ayangabuka
Class 10 zabuka zangabuka, azabuka, azangabuka
Class 11 lwabuka lwangabuka, alwabuka, alwangabuka
Class 14 babuka bangabuka, ababuka, abangabuka
Class 15 kwabuka kwangabuka, akwabuka, akwangabuka
Class 17 kwabuka kwangabuka, akwabuka, akwangabuka

References[edit]