bulla

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See also: Bulla, buļļa, bülla, and ɓulla

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin bulla (bubble). Doublet of bull.

Noun[edit]

bulla (plural bullae)

  1. (medicine) A blister, vesicle, or other thin-walled cavity or lesion.
  2. (archaeology) A clay envelope or hollow ball, typically with seal impressions or writing on its outside indicating its contents.
  3. (historical) In ancient Rome, a kind of amulet or boss.
  4. Later, a handwritten document from the papal chancellery.
  5. The tympanic part of a temporal bone (having a bubble-like appearance)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bulla (countable and uncountable, plural bullas)

  1. A rich Jamaican cake made with molasses and spiced with ginger and nutmeg.

Further reading[edit]


Darkinjung[edit]

Numeral[edit]

bulla

  1. two

Finnish[edit]

(index b)

Wikipedia-logo.png
 bulla on Finnish Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin bulla.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbulːɑ/, [ˈbulːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ulːɑ
  • Syllabification: bul‧la

Noun[edit]

bulla

  1. bull (papal bull)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of bulla (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative bulla bullat
genitive bullan bullien
partitive bullaa bullia
illative bullaan bulliin
singular plural
nominative bulla bullat
accusative nom. bulla bullat
gen. bullan
genitive bullan bullien
bullainrare
partitive bullaa bullia
inessive bullassa bullissa
elative bullasta bullista
illative bullaan bulliin
adessive bullalla bullilla
ablative bullalta bullilta
allative bullalle bullille
essive bullana bullina
translative bullaksi bulliksi
instructive bullin
abessive bullatta bullitta
comitative bullineen
Possessive forms of bulla (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person bullani bullamme
2nd person bullasi bullanne
3rd person bullansa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bulla

  1. third-person singular past historic of buller

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bulla f (genitive singular bullu, nominative plural bullur)

  1. a piston
  2. a bully

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bulla (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative bullaði, supine bullað)

  1. (intransitive) to talk nonsense
  2. (intransitive) to boil, to bubble up

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bulla m (genitive singular bulla, nominative plural bullaí)

  1. (nautical) buoy
  2. (medicine) bulla
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish bulla, borrowed from Latin bulla.

Noun[edit]

bulla m (genitive singular bulla, nominative plural bullaí)

  1. (Christianity) bull

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bulla m (genitive singular bulla, nominative plural bullaí)

  1. (finance) bull

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

bulla m (genitive singular bulla, nominative plural bullaí)

  1. Alternative form of bolla (bowl)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bulla bhulla mbulla
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (swelling)[1][2], same source as Middle Dutch puyl (bag) and Lithuanian bule (buttocks), or from *bʰel- (to blow, inflate, swell)[3][4].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bulla f (genitive bullae); first declension

  1. a bubble
  2. a swollen or bubble-shaped object, particularly:
    1. a knob, boss, or stud, as on doors, shields, etc.
    2. (historical) a bulla: a protective (usually golden) amulet worn by upper-class Roman children
    3. (Medieval Latin, historical) a round metallic seal certifying official medieval documents, particularly the golden imperial seal and the leaden papal one.
  3. (Medieval Latin) a papal bull or other official document sealed with a bulla

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bulla bullae
Genitive bullae bullārum
Dative bullae bullīs
Accusative bullam bullās
Ablative bullā bullīs
Vocative bulla bullae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Eastern Romance
    • Romanian: bulă
  • Italo-Dalmatian
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • Venetian: bóła
  • West Iberian
    • Old Portuguese: [Term?]
    • Old Spanish: [Term?]
  • Catalan: butlla
  • English: bull, bulla
  • Galician: bula
  • Old Irish: bulla
  • Polish: bulla
  • Portuguese: bula
  • Old French: bulle, boille, boule, boulle, burle
  • Vulgar Latin: *bolla (merger with Frankish *bolla; see there for more descendants)

References[edit]

  • bulla in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bulla in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bulla in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • bulla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • bulla in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bulla in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, p. 202 & 750
  2. ^ Etymonline - bull
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch, Tübingen: A. Francke Verlag, 1959., p. 365
  4. ^ Skeat, An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, p. 78

Phuthi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-búĺla

  1. to be circumcised

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbul.la/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bulla f

  1. bull, papal bull; a document from the papal chancellery

Usage notes[edit]

Usually found in the noun phrase bulla papieska.

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From bullir, from Latin bullīre, present active infinitive of bulliō (I bubble, boil), from bulla (bubble).

Noun[edit]

bulla f (plural bullas)

  1. rowdiness, racket, ruckus
  2. (Andalusia) urgence

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

bulla

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of bullir.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of bullir.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of bullir.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of bullir.