burg

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See also: Burg and -burg

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz (borough, fortification). Doublet of burgh.

Noun[edit]

burg (plural burgs)

  1. (Canada, US) A city or town.
    • 1921, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Efficiency Expert[1], HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2012:
      Tell mother that I will write her in a day or two, probably from Chicago, as I have always had an idea that that was one burg where I could make good.
    • 2009 June, Thriault, David, “This Way In: The Sound and the Fury”, in Esquire, volume 151, number 6, page 6:
      Imagine my surprise when I learned that he was not only a Canadian but lived in Ottawa, that icy burg I had left so many kilometers -- sorry, miles -- behind me.
    • 2010 Feb, Orloff, Paige, “Big Style on a (Little) Budget”, in Country Living, volume 33, number 2, page 84:
      It's been said that Wilder modeled that fictional setting on Peterborough, a quaint burg tucked away in New Hampshire's verdant southwestern hills.
  2. (historical) A fortified town in medieval Europe.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

burg (plural burgs)

  1. (slang) burger
    • 2002, Ricard Marx Weinraub, Wonder Bread Hill, page 6:
      I hate this emptiness and the redundancy of eating burgs at Burger Town.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz (borough, fortification).

Noun[edit]

burg m (indefinite plural burgje, definite singular burgu, definite plural burgjet)

  1. jail, prison. (brig)

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bʏrx/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: burg
  • Rhymes: -ʏrx

Noun[edit]

burg f (plural burgen, diminutive burgje n)

  1. Alternative form of burcht, now rarely used outside names.

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

burg m (genitive singular buirg, nominative plural buirg)

  1. Alternative form of buirg (borough)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
burg bhurg mburg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "burg" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “burg” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “burg” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz.

Noun[edit]

burg f

  1. fortress, castle
  2. city

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • burg”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /burɡ/, [burˠɣ] (early Old English)
  • IPA(key): /burh/, [burˠx] (late Old English)

Noun[edit]

burg f (nominative plural byriġ)

  1. city
    Scotta byrġ ne sind swā þicca swā Engla.
    Scottish cities aren't as dense as English ones.
  2. town
    Þis is sēo burg þǣr hē ġeboren wæs.
    This is the town where he was born.
  3. a fortified place: stronghold, fort, castle

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation). Cognate with Old Saxon burg, Frankish *burg, Old English burh, Old Norse borg, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌲𐍃 (baurgs). Also related to Old High German berg and more distantly to Latin fortis.

Noun[edit]

burg ?

  1. a castle
  2. a city

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

burg f

  1. fort, castle
    • Heliand, verse 4187:
      imu thô an Effrem an theru hôhon burg uunodehe then lived in the high fort of Effrem
  2. city, town
    • Genesis, verse 238:
      bûan an them burugiumto live in these cities

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]