burkāns

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See also: burkans

Latvian[edit]

Burkāni (2)

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Baltic German burkan, itself from Old Frisian bure, burre (conic root; top of a stake, pile (in the ground)) + a diminutive suffix -ken, -kan (cf. the Old Frisian reduced form burke (little root)). The final a was lengthened in Latvian under the influence of words ending in -āns. From Latvian, the word was borrowed into Russian local dialects (буркан (burkan), боркан (borkan)), into Estonian (porgand), and also, probably via Russian, into other Finnic languages. The word is first mentioned in Latvian in 17th-century dictionaries. (A minority opinion considers burkāns an inherited word, cognate with Russian морковь (markóv’) (< *mъrky), both from a possible Proto-Indo-European *mr̥k, *br̥k.)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

burkāns m (1st declension)

  1. carrot (a plant with a large edible root, often orange in colour, esp. Daucus carota)
    galda burkānscommon (lit. table) carrot
    lopbarības burkānsforrage carrot
    burkānu vagacarrot furrow
    burkānu laukscarrot field
    ravēt burkānusto weed carrots
    burkānu kaitēkļicarrot pests
    no savvaļas burkāna krustojot izaudzēts lauku burkānsby crossing wild carrots the field carrot was grown
  2. carrot (the edible root of that plant, often orange in colour and used as a vegetable)
    dzert burkānu suluto drink carrot juice
    burkānu salāticarrot salad
    tīrīt burkānusto clean carrots
    pagrabos glabā kartupeļus, burkānus, bietes un citas saknesin the cellars one stores potatoes, carrots, beets and other roots
    Tenis atkal piesarka kā burkānsTenis again blushed like a carrot

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “burkāns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7